|Motto: Toj mar be-Hurmu (We are Hurmu)|
|Anthem: Hanwen u-Brida (Way of Life)|
|Largest city||Khojinacinggha, Kaupang, Ghawlama, Mitrovska|
|Official language(s)||Istvanistani |
|Official religion(s)||None official;|
Traditional Hurmu practices granted cultural protection
|- Collective head of state||Senate of the Lakes|
|- Prime Minister||Daniyal al-Osman (Cabinet)|
|- Legislature||Parlerment (Senate Assembly)|
|Establishment||1476 AN (as an independent state) |
1690 AN (re-establishment)
|Currency||Craitish Cräite (CRC)|
|Time zone(s)||CMT+3 (Lake District, Southern District); CMT+1 (Lontinien, Rekozemlje; CMT+10 (Warring Islands); CMT+12 (Northern Bretland|
|National food||Yoghurt, cheese|
Despite being reunified only in 1690, Hurmu has a long history as a nation. It emerged on the world scene in the late 1400s. It has throughout its history been influenced by, and in one way or another, been part of, Menelmacar, Cranda, Arminy, Shireroth, Safiria, Elwynn, and, most recently, Stormark and Craitland (though the territory of Lakkvia).
Note on terminology
- See also Multilingual toponymy of Hurmu
Hurmu is not only the name of the country, it is also the preferred adjective form. A person who identifies with the traditional ethnic Hurmu culture is a Hurmudan (pl. Hurmudans, or Hurmudan-ka). Hurmudan or Hurmudanic may be used as adjectives to describe the ethnic Hurmudans. However, not all in Hurmu are ethnic Hurmudans.
There is no one Hurmu language. Hurmu Norse is the main language of the Hurmudans, Lakkvian of the Lakkvians, and Hurmumol is the classical liturgical language of the Hurmudans.
For geographical purposes, Hurmu can be divided into Lyrican Hurmu (containing the Lake District and the Southern District), Apollonian Hurmu containing Lontinien, [[Rekozemlje], and the Warring Islands off the eastern coast of Keltia, and Northern Bretland.
Leafy forests are in Lyrican Hurmu, with almost half of the non-urban land covered in trees. Grasslands and agricultured lands form the rest. The soil in Hurmu is generally quite fertile.
Apollonian Hurmu is generally flat, with some mountains and cliff formations in the far north of the district. Forests are rare, though exist in the far southern regions of the District, and some in the northern regions. The rest of the land is steppe-like and generally not well suited for growing crops.
Warring Islands and Northern Bretland
- Cold, rainy, snowy, generally inhospitable.
Lyrican Hurmu experiences temperate-to-cold winters and hot summers. The climate is humid. In winter, temperatures below 0 do occur regularly mainly in the inland and highland regions. Lake-effect snow and blizzards occur in the Lake District. The lowest temperature recorded in Hurmu is -32 degrees. Average temperature just after midwinter is -10 degrees. Ice is a common occurrence on the Holy Lakes (except Anset which due to its salinity remains ice-free)
Just after midsummer, the average temperature is around 30 degrees Celsius. Temperatures can go up as far as 44 degrees (record high).
Apollonian Hurmu, in contrast, is mostly dry, with humidity experienced only a few kilometres from the River Glacei banks. Summers remain hot and winters cold. Due to the steppe-like vegetation around Apollonian Hurmu, it is battered with winds. A wind-still day is a rare occurrence. At times, the River Glacei freezes over, but this, too, is rare.
Due to the hilly nature of Lyrican Hurmu, growing crops is restricted to the Vesüha region. However, Hurmudans make use of the rest of the land in many other ways. The main agricultural exports are tea, wool, and goat/sheep products (both dairy and meat). The hills are suitable for growing tea and the grazing of sheep and goats.
In Lontinien, agriculture is mainly restricted to the herding of musk ox, and the use of musk ox felts, meat, and dairy (yogurts are a specialty here). Horses are also common here, and horsemeat and leather is also produced here.
In Rekozemlje, agriculture is more developed, with production of cotton and food crops being the main agricultural businesses.
Flora and fauna
The wildlife of Apollonian Hurmu is mainly various forms of flowering grasses and other plants. Trees are quite rare, though small pockets of forests exist along the southern areas of Rekozemlje. Bushlands are common along a narrow stretch of land along the River Glacei.
Much of the land in the Lake District is covered in forest. Laketree is an endemic deciduous tree that makes up 20–25% of the trees in the Lake District. Other common trees are ash, elm, lark, beech, and birch. Pine trees are uncommon in the inland and around the lakes, though prefer the more acidic soils of the northern coastline of the Lake District.
In terms of fauna, Hurmu has a healthy mix of both preying and preyed mammals, such as wolf, fox, lynx, and bear, and various forms of deer and rodents. Dragons, though rare (about 5 sightings every decade), is a dangerous animal that ravishes the land (the young, being more impulsive, are the most dangerous kind). Traditionally, Hurmudans would hunt the dragons down. Young dragons are furry (and not scaly), and the fur of their skin is treated to be like wool, and of which rare and expensive forms of textile are made. About 5000 kg of dragon wool is known to have been produced in the last 300 years, and there are currently only 50 items of clothing known to exist from dragon wool (mainly cloaks and coats, as the fabric is extremely resistant to heat, cold, weather, and fire). In later years, synthetic dragon wool has been produced, with similar properties. These are popular outdoor clothes and fabrics, e.g. also for tents and camping geer. Draken is the largest label producing such fabrics and products.
- See also Rulers of Hurmu.
- 1476: The Hurmu Republik is declared, Hallgrím Aðalgeirsson elected the first president, Joshua Aradoika its foreign minister. Lyrica City is the capital. The Lyrican Republic, a former sovereign of the territory, keeping a guerrilla presence, declares war on Hurmu. The continent had many different with wars between various factions, with what was to become Stormark emerging as one of the more powerful players.
- 1477: Hurmu, being pacifist, refuses to fight in any of the wars, and thus quickly loses territory. The country is made smaller, pushed to to the small area around the lakes. Huyenkula, previously a small market town, is named the new capital. The continent was ruled by various tribes and nations which were at at constant war with one another, and commanded their people's obedience through dictatorial and oppressive ways. The last tribe, the Hurmu, lived around the lakes of the north of the Heartland, and were a peaceful, pacifict nation. Not long before Harald's invasion of the Heartland (maybe only 10 years), the Hurmu people controlled most of the Heartland. Due to their pacifist nature, however, they were easily subdued by the other tribes and reduced to living in the inaccessible far north of the Heartland.
- 1476–1479: Conquest of the Heartland. Stormarkers, led by the petty king Harald, invade the Lyrican continent (by the Storish called the Heartland), pushing Hurmudans northwards and Crandishmen westwards. Local petty kings were forced to other subjugate to Stormark or be killed. Hurmu fears the worst. Harald and his wife Harald and Hervör continued fighting heavily across the Heartland and the nearby Hålogaland. Learning that Ivar the Impaler controlled many fishing, trading and whaling stations along the coasts, Harald was angered. He knew of the Impaler's hate for his family and kin, and decided to eradicate that threat once and for all. However, the Impaler managed to find out of Harald's plans (by help of a widowed queen of one of the local kings that Harald had earlier killed) and attacked pre-emptively Harald’s camp. It was a bloody massacre. Almost all of Harald's men were killed, however Harald and Hervör, along with a small number of soldiers, managed to escape. They headed to Hurmu's peaceful lands, hoping to rest there and gather support. The Hurmu, true to their pacifist nature, refused to engage in any war of any kind and declined to join Harald’s army. Harald asked the tribesmen there rhetorically if they would rather be slaughtered by a foreign army, and the tribesmen answered "yes, we would rather die true to our beliefs than die killing other of the children of Ash and Elm". Surprised with their answer, Harald developed respect for the un-Viking-like behaviour of the Hurmu people, and decided that they indeed had bravery worthy of admiration. Accordingly, he acceded to the Hurmu people's wishes of being independent. In a letter to them, entlitled the Epistle of the Peaceful Pastures, he confirmed that he would never lay arms upon Hurmu's people or lands. As such, it was only in recognition of the support and shelter given to him and Hervör by the Hurmu Tribes during the couple's escape from the so-called Blood Parley that Jarl Harald accepted their wish of not to be brought under his rulership and confirmed the same in a letter called the Epistle of the Peaceful Pastures. However, Hurmu became dominated in many other ways by its much larger neighbour. In a second effort to protect itself from the "scourges of war", Hurmu goes to its friends, Baracão and Menelmacar, for counsel. Baracão chooses not to help Hurmu, as Hurmu did not wish to become socialist, while Menelmacar offers to make Hurmu its protectorate.
Hurmu Menelmakarel (1479–1487)
- 1479: Hurmu joins Menelmacar as a protectorate.
- Elenaran Caesar Augustus, the third Elenaran of Menelmacar (after first Sirithil, then Archetype XXIII), is hailed as the new head of state in Hurmu.
- A palace is planned in his honour, to be built in Menelmacari marble style.
- Richard Lyon is named Governor over Hurmu, replacing Hallgrím Aðalgeirsson as head of government.
- 1486: The Palace of the Elenaran is inaugurated.
- 1487: Menelmacar is on the verge of collapse, and the government of Hurmu tries to salvage the situation in Hurmu by appealing to Crandish support. Cranda and Hurmu enter into the Treaty of Hichanberg, in which Hurmu transfers the powers of Menelmacar over Hurmu to Cranda.
Barony of Hurmu
From 1500 to 1505, the country was part of Shireroth as an Arminian barony. It consisted of two counties, Lake District and Elwynn. While Hurmu was part of Shireroth, four of the lakes were in Shirerithian hands while the other two, Sselm and Anset were under the administration of Stormark.
Immediately after Arminy was admitted to the Empire as a duchy, the Council of the Duchy of Hyperborea decided to lease Elwynn, then a county within Hyperborea, to Arminy. As such, Arminy became the largest duchy in size and the counties of the Lake District (corresponding to the territory of Arminian Hurmu prior to their accession to Shireroth) and Elwynn joined in to form a barony.
The Barony of Hurmu was first headed by Troy Thompson. During his tenure a pilgrimage to Sselm and Anset began, but due to his inactivity, Thompson was removed from office and replaced by Harald. Harald created the Order of the Holy Lakes, from which the Senate of Hurmu descended. One of the first recipients of the Order was Carol, mother of Hypatia Agnesi.
In the end, Arminy seceded from Shireroth, and along went Hurmu with Arminy to go different ways from the rest of Shireroth. Elwynn remained in Shireroth.
Principality of Hurmu
As Prince of Hurmu (1512–1527), Rashid developed the law and constitution of Hurmu, reformed the Order of the Holy Lakes, and appointed the Knights and Ladies of it. All members of the Order of Holy Lakes then became Senators of the Lakes, forming Hurmu's first legislature since the fall of the Parlerment. Once the new constitution had been enacted (1527), his son Cashmaiel Andelarion took over the executive power in Hurmu as Chairman of the Senate, and Aoife the Celt was elected Queen of Hurmu.
Second republican period
Union with Elwynn
Lakkvia and Stormark
- Hurmu's territory in Lontinien is expanded greatly with the supplication of the Eastern Ulus of the Silver Yak Horde, and with the annexation of Mitrovska. Hurmu's population is increased by over 3 million people. Hurmu's now biggest city, Khojinacinggha, is in the newly annexed territory in western Lontinien.
- Moreover, Hurmu begins official relations with Lac Glacei and the two countries agree to establish a condominium in the Seivannavik area.
- Arbor and Hurmu establish relations, and Arbor gifts Hurmu East Barrow Island.
Organization of the State
Hurmu is organized into four districts: The Lake District, largely covering the area around the Holy Lakes, the Southern District, located immediately south of the Lake District, Lontinien by the River Glacei in Apollonia, and, since 1694, East Barrow Island in the Warring Islands off the coast of Keltia. The districts have considerable autonomy over their internal affairs.
The Southern District is unique in that it is outside Hurmu's customs area (i.e. it has its own customs area), and has its own visa regulation regime. Border and customs controls exist along the roads, railways, and airports into the Southern District. Special travel documents are issued to the residents of the Southern District who have not become citizens of Hurmu.
East Barrow Island is under special legislation under the administration of the Hurmu Peace Corps until 1700 AN. This is to ensure a stable transition of power, modernisation of the peninsula's infrastructure, industry and logistics, and provide for for welfare of the inhabitants.
Tribes and Municipalities
Government and Politics
Hurmu is a constitutional state. Its legislature is the Parlerment. The Parlerment consists of two chambers, the democratically elected Assembly of Representatives, and the Senate of the Lakes, elected by the members of the Order of the Holy Lakes. The Senate is also the collective head of state of Hurmu, and it is in its name that the state enters into treaties and international agreements. The Senate is moreover the only body in the country that has the power to interpret the Constitution. The judicial responsibilities of the Senate extend also such that any case where a member of the Order of the Holy Lakes is part must be tried in the Senate.
Normally, all laws need to receive a majority of votes in each chamber. Legislation can be introduced in either chamber. Exceptions occur, however, with money bills having to originate in the Assembly (and cannot be amended by the Senate). Another exception is ratification of treaties, which require only the Senate's approval. The Senate is also the collective commander-in-chief.
- Hurmu nationality and residency law
- Foreign relations of Hurmu
- Visa policy of Hurmu (Xäiville Convention)
- See also Hurmu religion
The Hurmudan community can be described as an ethnoreligious group. As such, the religious practices of the community is deeply interlinked with the cultural self-expression of the Hurmudans.
|Home language||Total||Lake District||Lontinien||East Barrow Island|
|Home language||Total||Lake District||Lontinien||East Barrow Island|
Hurmu has three international airports, Vesüha International Airport, Kaupang International Airport, and Ghawlama International Airport. The airports in Mitrovska, East Barrow Island, and Khojinacinggha are scheduled to be upgraded to international airports by 1696. Scheduled flights, subsidised by the Hurmu government, are operated by the Hurmu Air Service. Airstrips and helipads are located around the country for smaller aircraft.