|Great Apollonian Empire -- (1704 - present) -- no successor|
|Motto: صلح ثمره عدالت است|
Peace is the fruit of justice
O majestic and noble emperor
|17.0.3 - 17.3.1 as Ultimate Çakar Sultanate|
17.3.2 - 17.4.8 as Great Apollonian Empire
17.4.9 - present as Çakar Empire
Al-Hamra summer capital
|Government||Hereditary monarchy and parliamentary democracy|
|- Grand Vizier|
|- Legislature||Çakari Congress
|Establishment||1687 AN as Ultimate Çakar Sultanate|
1698 AN as Great Apollonian Empire
1704 AN as Çakar Empire
|Area||18,196,438 km2 (7,025,638 mi2)|
20,736 km2 (8,006 mi2) Sanpantul
|Population||767,422,013 (census of 1710 AN with addition of recently added territories)|
44,709,774 in Sanpantul (census of 1710 AN)
|Mains electricity||230/400 V - 50 Hz|
|Driving side||Mixed, see here|
|Track gauge||Mountain railways: 610 mm (2 ft) and 762 mm (2 ft 6 in)|
Apollonian Express routes: 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in)
Other railways: 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in)
|Time zone(s)||Multiple, see here|
|National animal||Hoopoe (Upupa epops)|
|National tree||Monalan cedar (Cedrus deodara)|
Çakaristan (/t͡ʃɑːˈkɑːɾi:stɑːn/), officially the Çakar Empire (Babhki: شاهنشاهی چاکار Shahanshahi-ye Çakar), is the continuation of the Great Apollonian Empire in the middle on the continent of Apollonia. It is the second most populous country on Micras. Çakaristan is situated in the triangle of the Northern Sea, Orange Sea and the Strait of Pearls. The nation also includes the overseas territories of Sri Pashana, located on the island of Duras, and Beneluccas, part of the Skerry Isles. It also includes one unincorporated territory, Sanpantul, located on East Sandwich island. Çakaristan covers an area of 18,217,174 km2 (7,033,690 mi2), with a population of 767 million within 10 riyasats (princely states), 10 subahs (provinces), 3 governorates and 3 sarkars (districts). It shares land borders with Kildare and Floria to the west, Hurmu to the north, New Alexandrian colony of Ijubicastagrad and International Mandate located on the Jaris Strait. On Duras, the nation shares a land border with Passas. The capital is Agra, the summer capital is Al-Hamra and the largest city is Manbai.
As a state, Çakaristan started after the Sylvanian National Awakening (1687 - 1688). Since there was no agreement on a constitution, only a sultan was elected: Abu Çakar. He was given the crown name "Akbar". Under his inspiring leadership, the sultanate expanded, formed its own unique culture and introduced democracy. In 1698 AN, Çakaristan has been unionised with Jingdao into the Great Apollonian Empire. But in 1704 AN the Second Kildarian Revolution occurred, leaving only the eastern part of the empire. This continued under the new name of Çakar Empire. Because of the assassination of Akbar, the Tobu Emperor, the Çakari succession crisis arose. As with the foundation of Çakaristan, a new Shahanshah was elected at a Grand Assembly: Hakim bin Alsalam. Therefore is the official name of the nation styled in Babkhi.
The nation sees itself as a continuation of the Great Apollonian Empire. Because of this, many consider the parts of that Empire that are no longer under the Shahanshah to be apostate. The official policy is to maintain the status of "Pax Apollonia" (Peace on Apollonia). Nevertheless, the Shahanshah holds the title "Padishah-i sharq-u gharb" (Babkhi: پادیشاه شرق و غرب): Master King of the East and the West. Thus, the Çakar Empire is also referred to as "Eastern Empire", but also as "Far Eastern Empire" because of the historical indication that the Apollonian Republic, a predecessor of the Great Apollonian Empire, was referred to as "Eastern Empire", which at that time included only the western part of the Empire.
After the Arboric Civil War, which raged between 1701 AN and 1704 AN, Çakaristan was the chief peacemaker in that country. Therefore, the largest area was occupied by Çakaristan. After the completion of the Dasil Agreement and a referendum, Barikalus became part of the Empire. In 1711 AN, Qyzylqaystan joined the Empire. In 1697 AN, Çakaristan had already invaded this area to stabilise that part of Jingdao at the outbreak of the Post-Chidao Troubles. As well as the terrorist attacks in Fatehpur and Manbai, committed by Seishi rebels. Although the Çakari left during the period of Great Apollonia, the Qyzyl retained their hearts for the Çakari, choosing to join the empire.
The formal name is styled in Babkhi Shahanshahi-ye Çakar (a transliteration of شاهنشاهی چاکار). The name "Çakar" is derived from the family name of the first ruler, Abu (Akbar) Çakar. This Hasani name means "flashes", a possible reference to lightning.
The short name has the suffix ـستان (transliterated in the Common tongue as -stan), which means "a place abounding in" or "a place where anything abounds" in Babkhi.
The name of Çakaristan in several languages:
|Language||Status||Short form||Long form||Transliteration|
|Babkhi||Official||چاکارستان||شاهنشاهی چاکار||Shahanshahi-ye Çakar|
|Adarani||Regional||चमकतास्टेन||शाही चक्र||shaahee chakr|
|Arboric||Regional||شاكارستان||الامبراطوري شكار||aliambiraturiu shakar|
|Samsrumukhat||Regional||चकरिस्तान||चकार एम्पिरे||chakaar saamraajy|
|Common tongue||Foreign||Çakaristan||Çakar Empire||none|
It is difficult to classify the period after 1440 AN to the foundation of the sultanate under one denominator. But because of the major changes not to assign it to an important period and the corresponding denominator.
The first mention of habitation in the territory of the present sultanate is under the flag of the Free Republic. In 1468 AN, the Republic of Baracão was established, its territory being referred to as Red Island. Shortly this republic was replaced by Freenesia. After the fall of the latter nation, the territory was reduced to the green. At the end of the 15th century the area came under the flag of Emirate of Baatharz, shortly before this nation was taken over by the Kingdom of Babkha. The north of the sultanate was under the flag of Dinarchy of Antica with the name Phedodah.
In 1498 AN the Babkhan territory on Apollonia briefly came under the flag of Crusader State of Eblis. At the beginning of the 15th century Antica was incorporated into Imperial Republic of Shireroth, as a result of which Phedodah bordered on the Babkhaan province Terre d'Riches. Until the Republic of Antica regained its independence in the second decade of the 16th century. The areas of Phedodah and Terre d'Riches came under the Antican flag, except for the coastal islands which remained under Babkhaan flag. Between 1514 and 1519 the peninsula and the coastal islands were abandoned. In 1519 the earlier Terre d'Riches again came under the Antican flag and became part of Lower Phedodah.
In 1597 AN the territory of the empire was abandoned except for a few border areas, the Empire of Aryasht came into being. Not much later the coastal islands were reclaimed. In 1607 AN Aryasht became part of Shireroth. In the same year a large part of the territory of present-day Çakaristan became a nation: Jingdao. This nation left the area in 1613 AN.
In 1619 AN Aryasht became part of the Apollonian Republic of Shireroth's East, which became the Empire of the Great Jing. Jingdao also claimed the peninsula in 1630 AN and retained the area for two Norton years. On a few exclaves the area was left to the green. This remained until 1650 AN with the foundation of the Khanate of Krasnarus. The western boundary of the khanate still determines the subdivision of the sultanate. In 1691 AN, Krasnarus founded the Kingdom of Krasnocoria together with the neighbouring Kingdom of Coria.
Between 1680 and 1685 a civil war raged on the peninsula, the Hasani War. This civil war is seen by many as a prelude to the later Sylvanian National Awakening.
First Çakari Era
On the eve of the collapse of Krasnocoria, unrest arose in Krasnarus between the different population groups. Representatives of the Coriaks, Hasanis and Nogans united to fight for independence. There was also support from the green and from the Emirate of Arbor. This uprising was called the Sylvanian National Awakening. On 4.XIII.1688 AN the uprising was officially ended and the sultanate proclaimed. Since there was no agreement on a constitution, only a sultan was elected: Abu Çakar. He was given the crown name "Akbar".
Less than an hour after his coronation as Sultan, an assassination attempt was made on Akbar. Fortunately, the sultan survived the attack, but a Grand Vizier was appointed to start the government of the nation.
At the second major meeting in Red Fortress, it was decided to establish the name of the nation. Until then, "Sylvania" was used, a name for the area from the Antican period. That name means "from the forest" in Catologian, referring to the streams and rivers that flow from the densely forested highlands. The name of the nation was chosen: Çakaristan. The first parliamentary elections were held in 1691 AN, with which a new Grand Vizier was also elected.
Great Apollonian Era
In 1698 AN unionised Çakaristan with Jingdao to form the Great Apollonian Empire. The Sultan became Emperor of Apollonia with the titular name Tobu Emperor. Attempts to turn the Empire into a stable power with a democratic basis failed. After six Nortonyears, the Second Kildarian Revolution occurred and resulted in the division of the Empire. The Emperor was assassinated and the Çakari succession crisis occurred because the succession had not been arranged.
Second Çakari Era
To stabilise the remaining empire, a triumvirate was set up. This made it possible to organise another Grand Assembly, at which a new ruler was appointed. The elected ruler became Hakim bin Alsalam. As a compromise, called the Pilav Compromise, the royal title was styled in Babkhi. This also changed the name of the empire. Then they worked on a constitution, based on the so-called Akbar Papers. Notes that Akbar had made to write the constitution for the Great Apollonian Empire.
The new constitution, the Akbar constitution, was adopted, on the basis of which the state was further structured. The constitution lists the fundamental rights, regulates the succession and establishes the other state institutions. Staged elections to the partly new Çakari Congress were held in 1705 AN, beginning the constitutional cycle of elections. At the elections for the Grand Vizier two years later, the appointed Grand Vizier, Jayanti Sinha, was elected for another four-year term.
Among the elite in particular, there is a great desire for a grand empire. The fall of the Great Apollonian Empire is seen by them as a great loss. There is less of this sentiment among the population, but there is great support for the recent empire expansions:
An important part of the history is told in different story series. The foundation of Çakaristan is recounted in the Sylvanian National Awakening. This was followed by the Chronicles of Akbar, simultaneously with the mission stories of the brothers of Akbar. The later annexed Barikalus also had its own story series, The Micras Chessboard. A complete overview:
|Sylvanian National Awakening||When Krasnocoria threatened to fall, a struggle for independence arose. This is called the Sylvanian National Awakening. Sylvania was the working name for the nation, until later the name Çakaristan was chosen. The story series follows the conquests of the Sylvanian Peninsula, as well as parts of the green.||17||1687 - 1688 AN|
|Chronicles of Akbar||The story series begins when Abu Çakar was crowned sultan as Akbar. This happened at the conclusion of the Sylvanian National Awakening. The stories give an insight into the personal lives of the sultan and the sultana, as well as the cultural developments of Çakaristan.||18||1687 - 1688 AN|
|Mission: Shuddh Butg Par||This describes the mission of Hasan Çakar, brother of Akbar, to conquer the green in a westerly direction. Eventually to reach the border of the Empire of the Pure Path.||10||1689 - 1696 AN|
|Mission: Tariqat al-Wird'||This describes the mission of Amir Çakar, brother of Akbar, to conquer the greenery in a northeasterly direction.||4||1689 - 1691 AN|
|Pilgrimage of Amir||After Amir Çakar was relieved of his mission, he went on a pilgrimage to find the great Craitgod.||12||1692 -1698 AN|
|The Micras Chessboard||This is the second series of stories, beginning five Norton years after the disaster year 1685 AN. Francia had fallen and Arbor was created on a small archipelago in the Eastern Ocean. Mystically, the emirate moved to the continent of Apollonia. The story series ends just before the outbreak of the Arboric Civil War.||11||1690 - 1703 AN|
|State visit to Çakaristan by the President of Mercury||Nick Perry, the president of Mercury, was the first foreign head of state to visit Çakaristan. This story series recounts the visit.||4||1693 AN|
|Jaaguzannama: the rise of the Ducula Aenea||This is the first part in the story series Jaaguzannama. This Book of Jaaguzan is the official chronicle of the government of Jaaguzan. It contains various stories surrounding the Shahanshah, the second ruler of Çakaristan.||11||1704 - 1709 AN|
|Jaaguzannama: the ultimate chessboard||This is the second part in the story series Jaaguzannama, which begins shortly after the wedding day of Jaaguzan and Zahra al-Osman.||12||1709 - 1712 AN|
|Jaaguzannama: Imperium Intermarium||This is the third part in the story series Jaaguzannama, which begins shortly after the annexation of Qyzylqaystan.||Still in progress||1712 - and onwards|
All the main events are listed chronologically in a timeline. This gives a good overview of the developments of the nation from 1680 AN onwards.
The south-western border is dominated by the Monalan Parvat (Monlan Mountains). The outflowing rivers to the east form a widespread floodplain. The main rivers are the Adaraney and Leyl, which drain into the North Raynor Sea. The Leyl River is the only outflowing river of Lake Jodha, the fourth largest freshwater lake on the continent of Apollonia.
Surrounding the lake is a relatively flat land, which gradually rises to the south to the ridge where several small streams originate. From the west, the southern coast begins with a marshy area, protected by the coastal island of Rulak. On and in North Raynor Sea are some areas: the peninsula with the city of Fatehpur, Kantisha Island and the Northak Islands as part of the Norfolk Isles. The continental coast to the east is characterised by cliff rocks up to the Gulf of Andreas where the Dyre Isles are located. The coast around the gulf is referred to as the Çakari Riviera. The Silsilat Jibal Silfanyan (Sylvanian mountain range) lies between the Antican Sea and Herrin Bay. The northern spur of that ridge separates the Antican Sea and Lake Jodha. This ridge ends in front of the Saphed Pahade. This mountain formation forms together with the Bulqan Rij a natural wall against the Thul Marusthal (Thul desert) west of it. This natural wall ends at the Barax River, which flows into the Antican Sea.
Kendall Isle is surrounded by the Antican Sea, Strait of Monemici, Pond Strait, Herrin Bay and Jaris Strait. The island is dominated by the Jabal al-Mada', the major provider of several streams that wet the island. The main island is surrounded by several coastal islands.
The land mass of Barikalus can be roughly divided into two peninsulas, separated by the Khalij al Salam. The western peninsula is dominated by the Jibal al-Ahmar (Arboric: جبال الأحمر): the Red Mountains. Between these mountains and the River Glacei lies a watery lowland. Along the west coast lies a fertile coastal strip called: Qitae al-Bahr (Arboric: قطاع البحر): Sea strip. The southern coast along the Strait of Monemici is dominated by rocky cliffs and coves with sandy beaches. Between the two peninsulas lies the Khalij al-Salam (Arboric: خليج السلام), which is surrounded by a lowland. North of the gulf is the Maerifa Plain, which rises up to the northern border. The eastern peninsula is dominated by the Jibal al-Hajar (Arboric: جبال الحجر): the Stone Mountains. The area between the mountains and the coast on the south and east sides is characterised by many streams and brooks, coming from the mountains and flowing into the sea. The largest island off the coast, Mayurqa, is characterised by woodlands, almond trees, fertile plains and often dramatic coastlines with sandy coves separated by craggy cliffs. The waters around the island contain many coral reefs.
Back on the mainland, the Barax River upstream is the north-eastern green boundary of the Thul Marusthal. The river has its source in the Khelaq Pahade (Khelaq Mountains), a natural south-western boundary of the Voreliya Pathaar (Vorelia Plateau). In the middle of this plateau stands the Parvat Seeng (Mount Horn), from which several streams and river originate, including the border river Ganja. These and other rivers flow into the Northern Sea.
Duras Island is the largest island in the Skerry Isles. The island is dominated by the Paryan mountain range, which is surrounded by three coastal plains. Bell Rock is the third largest island off the coast of Duras. To the northeast lies the archipelago of Beneluccas. This group of islands is surrounded by reefs. The islands themselves are mainly flat, with the exception of April Island which has a significant elevation.
Because of Cakaristan's large area, the climate is diverse. In general, the climate is warm due to its location near the equator. In the north, the climate is cooler, despite the desert-like landscape. In the south, there is mainly a tropical monsoon climate. On the coast around the Antican Sea, it is more temperate, while the interior can get hot. The monsoon begins in mid-summer in the southeast and moves northwest. Winter arrives from the Strait of Pearls via a north-easterly wind current. The north-west has a steppe-desert climate, where in winter the landscape is battered by cold from the north.
Prime Meridian, antimeridian and Equator
The Prime Meridian passes through continental Çakaristan. The planned city of Akbarabad has been built right on the Prime Meridian, where a line of latitude passes through the Red Fortress in Agra. At the intersection of these lines, the Burj al-Saaeat al-Sultanii (Sultanic Clock Tower) was built. Since the addition of Kantisha and Northak islands, the intersection of the Prime Meridian and the Equator falls within the territorial waters in the North Raynor Sea. This is marked by an underwater monument called 'Middle Micras'. The Equator passes over one of the Northak islands and over the Dura Island, where Sri Pashana is located. A landmark has been built where the Equator comes ashore. The Equator also passes through the Gulf of Argyra, which means that the Equator comes ashore four times. Since the annexation of Taka'atui, the antimeridian runs across Çakari territory. The westernmost island of the archipelago, Tui Island, is the only land where the antimeridian runs over land. Çakaristan is the only country on Micras through which both the Prime Meridian, antimeridian and Equator pass.
Çakaristan has a vast territory, so it overlaps several time zones. The time zones were implemented based on the Coordinated Micras Time, maintained by the University of Akbarabad. Overview of the time zones in Çakaristan:
- CMT-12: Taka'atui
- CMT-1: Jaguda, Kyazilkai, Nuristan and Vashigol
- CMT-0:30: Tartaristan
- CMT 0: Bulqan, Haritdesh, Kantisha and Northak islands, Leyl, Pathaardesh, Sikatadesh, Sunehra and Valesia
- CMT+0:30: Pashchimsthan (Poorajangal)
- CMT+1: Korhalistan, Micabad, Poorajangal (Aranyakhand and Grenjar), Suqutra and Sylfystan
- CMT+1:30: Barikalus and Kendall Khanate
- CMT+4: Sri Pashana and Sanpantul
- CMT+5: Beneluccas
During the time of the sultanate, the division into time zones was regulated by the national government. Later, this led to many discussions and it was decided that the time zones should be determined by the princely states, governorates and subahs themselves. As a result, changes have been made to the distribution of time zones. Particularly in Poorajangal, where two time zones were introduced. The western province of Pashchimsthan uses the time zone CMT+0:30, while the eastern provinces of Aranyakhand and Grenjar use the time zone CMT+1.
Most of Çakaristan's population lives in rural areas, but there are also cities with more than a million inhabitants:
|Largest cities of Çakaristan|
|City||Princely State or subah||Population||
|City||Princely State or subah||Population|
|Populations based on the census of 1710 AN.|
Work is underway to draw out the entire empire in detailed maps. Currently, the following partial maps have been published:
Politics and government
The political system of Çakaristan is a combination of a constitutional monarchy, the head of government being independent of the legislature, and a parliamentary republican system. The internal structure is a federation, consisting of various types of subdivisions. This is laid down in the Akbar Constitution.
When Çakaristan came into being, a sultan was appointed as the head of state, but the further political system was not defined. As a result, Çakaristan was in fact an absolute monarchy, but Akbar insisted on an informal democratic system. Elections were therefore held for the Majlis al-Sultina, at which the Grand Vizier was also elected. After the merger into the Great Apollonian Empire, preparations were made for a new political system. This failed and after the continuation as Çakar Empire a constitution was adopted. Under this constitution, the current political system came into being.
The Shahanshah is the head of state. The succession is a strict patrilineal primogeniture. Only in the absence of a male successor in the descendants of the Shahanshah does the crown pass to the second royal house. And when no male successor is found, his next of kin is appointed. Currently Hakim bin Alsalam, known by his titular name Jaaguzan, is Shahanshah of Çakaristan. He is of the House of Alsalam. The second royal house is the House of Çakar. Akbar's widow, Jodha Avchat, is referred to as the Sultana of Çakaristan.
The duties and rights of the Shahanshah are enshrined in the Constitution. Such as the ratification of adopted laws (qanun) and granting pardons. The most important power the Shahanshah has is to declare war and peace.
At his request or when he is unable to perform his constitutional duties, an Ataliq will take his place. The present Ataliq is Adarsh Farrah.
The Grand Vizier is elected by an electoral system every four years. When Çakaristan was founded, the Grand Vizier was appointed by the Founding Council immediately after an assassination attempt was made on the new Sultan. Later, the position was determined by elections. With the interruption of the Great Apollonian Empire, the grand vizier was again appointed by the Grand Council. But the election cycle was established through the Akbar Constitution.
The Grand Vizier composes his government with viziers. In addition, the Grand Vizier is in charge of foreign relations. The Grand Vizier has access to the national budget. Only the debt ceiling is limited by the Çakari Congress.
The Çakari Congress consists of three houses:
- Majlis al-Nuwaab: Every four years the Majlis al-Nuwaab is elected. Currently, the Majlis al-Nuwaab consists of 1,980 seats and 36 parties.
- Majlis al-Shuyukh: One-third of the Majlis al-Shuyukh is elected every two years. There are 36 Shuyukh, as determined by the Constitution.
- Majlis al-Shuwraa: The Majlis al-Shuwraa is composed of representatives stipulated in the constitution, supplemented by members appointed by the Shahanshah.
The Çakari Congress is housed in Palace of the Nation in Agra. The building is built in Arya architecture, a style that was established in 1590 AN in the then Aryasht.
First and second instance justice is organised by the states. Appeals after the second instance as well as review under the constitution are done by the Qadi al-Quddat. The Qadi al-Quddat consists of seven judges (qadi), who are appointed by the Shahanshah, on the recommendation of the Grand Vizier and after the assent of the Majlis al-Shuyukh. The judges are then appointed for life.
Çakaristan is divided into several administrative divisions. These include riyasats (princely states), subahs (provinces), governorates and sarkars (districts). Collectively, these administrative divisions are called states.
|Flag||Sort name||Abbr.||Official name||Type of division||Ruler||Capital|
|Agra||DA||District of Apollonia||Sarkar||Mustaba el-Hoque|
|Barikalus||BA||Emirate of Barikalus||Riyasat||Jaaguzan
Farhan bin Alsalam
|Bulqan||BU||Bulqan Rajya||Riyasat||Kazimir Ranković||Bhavybai|
|Haritdesh||HD||Haritdesh Confederacy||Riyasat||Shivaji Bhonsale||Maulikpur|
|Jaguda||JA||State of Jaguda||Governorate||Jeetliya|
|KN||Kantisha and Northak Islands||Governorate||Jaaguzanbul|
|KK||Kendall Khanate||Riyasat||Amir Çakar||Çatalyokuş|
|Korhalistan||KO||Korhalistan Rajya||Riyasat||Anand Çakar||Çakarabad|
|Leyl||LE||Leyl Sadarya||Riyasat||Filips des Vinandy-Windsor||Leylpur|
|Nuristan||NU||Sultanate of Nuristan||Riyasat||Ayub Hotak||Prasun|
|Poorajangal||PJ||Poorajangal Rajya||Riyasat||Rajesh Avchat||Liburnia|
|Sanpantul||Sanpanto Teikoku||Unincorporated territory||Hiroto||Kipei|
|Sikatadesh||SD||Sikatadesh Rajya||Subah||Amanbir Thahal||Kalaghar|
|Sri Pashana||SP||State of Sri Pashana||Governorate||Rajita Deshpanday||Sri Luthore|
|Sunehra||SU||Sunehra Rajya||Subah||Manjit Jhapali||Niravata|
|Valesia||VA||Valesia Rajya||Riyasat||Amritpal Wasli||Marahee|
The first nation with which Çakaristan had concluded a treaty is Craitland. In addition, Çakaristan has warm relations with Hurmu, partly due to the membership of many Çakari in the Order of the Holy Lakes. Immediately after the founding of the nation, Çakaristan became a member of the Union of States around the Sovereign Oceans (USSO), which was later transformed into the Collective Security Association (CSA) and settled in Agra. Relations with Raspur nations are very complicated; only with neighbouring Floria are there good, mostly informal contacts. This is because of the cooperation in the Apollonian Express.
There are mixed feelings about Shirithian Kildare, which many Çakari regard as apostate. This is because of the fall of the Great Apollonian Empire and the assassination of the Tobu Emperor (Akbar). The government is pursuing the formal policy of Pax Apollonia to avoid confrontation.
The first census was taken in 1690 AN, counting the population of Haritdesh, formerly Aryasht, for the first time in 70 Nortonyears. This showed that Çakaristan was the second most populous nation on Micras. Ten years later, a second census was to be held, but due to the situation in the Great Apollonian Empire, this did not take place. An estimate was then made and after continuing as the Çakar Empire, the nation turned out to be the most populous. Nevertheless, Çakaristan slipped back to the second place after Kildare joined Shireroth.
In 1710 AN, a new census was taken and the population was found to have increased by 86% compared in 20 years. This was due to natural growth and population absorption by enlarging the Empire. Most of the population lives in Haritdesh, Taka'atui is the least populated state. The population was estimated at 300 million in 1619 AN, after which it was assumed to grow. However, after the Obedience Destruction, the area faded into the green and the population size steadily declined. After the area was incorporated into Çakaristan, the population grew again.
Due to the diverse composition of the Empire, the infrastructure in various parts is also very different. The roads and railways in the former areas of Beneluccas, Kildare, Krasnocoria and West Skerries and Sri Pashana were in good condition. The roads and railway lines in Barikalus were still damaged in many places after the Arboric Civil War. While the roads and railways in the other areas were severely underdeveloped.
By far the majority of roads in Çakaristan are rural roads. In the states surrounding the Antican Sea and Sri Pashana, these roads are paved. In the northwest, most of these roads are paved near residential areas. The areas in the centre of the country have mainly unpaved roads, only in and around the cities many roads are paved.
In 1695 AN it was decided by a parliamentary majority that the national driving side should be left-hand. Earlier, right-hand driving was the rule in Krasnocoria. The roads in the former territories of Krasnocoria were converted. Only the political sentiment in those areas appeared to want to reverse this national decision. With the annexation of Barikalus, with a right-hand drive, this sentiment was reinforced.
In 1711 AN, an amendment to the Constitution was adopted which stipulated that proposals in the Çakari Congress could not only be adopted or rejected, but could also be passed on to the states. This meant that the states had to make their own decision. The direction of travel again became a point of debate in the Çakari Congress and thus a matter for the states. As a result, Çakaristan got a mix of different driving sides across the nation.
At each state border where the driving side changes, the appropriate traffic sign is placed. Previously this was on the border between International Mandate and Çakaristan, but now the driving side in Sylfystan is right-hand again, so this sign is no longer needed here.
Soon after the foundation of Çakaristan, an initiative was taken for a national plan for a highway network. Financing for this plan was a major problem, so the old highways of Krasnocoria were restored, with the exception of the section between Liburnia and Micabad. Also the Agra-Manbai corridor was built. Later, the Manbai-Paduadah highway was built. The Pathaardesh corridor was realised with a highway connecting at Suryapur to the existing network to Jeevitchinar, then Jingdaoese Cundiyangshu.
After the Arboric Civil War, much was invested in restoring the infrastructure in Barikalus, including the highways. This put pressure on the national plan.
State highways and Expressways
Due to the failure of a national plan for highways, the various states came up with the proposal to organise the highways in their states themselves. Currently, this is being debated in the Çakari Congress, mainly on the definition and design of such roads. A private initiative for expressways is not yet successful. The current plans for this are far from concrete.
Çakaristan inherited a variety of railways from different eras and areas. As a result, there were different track gauges, not all railway lines were electrified and a national network was missing. In 1690 AN, the government drew up a plan for a national network. This included transition to a single gauge, full electrification and connection of all separate networks. This plan started off energetically, with railway lines in Sylfystan and Kendall Khanate being converted. The main railway line in Poorajangal needs repair, due to damage that had occurred during the Sylvanian National Awakening. During the period of the Great Apollonian Empire, there were delays in implementation, leading to a new plan in 1712 AN. Here it was decided that not all railway lines would be converted, the greater use of dual track gauges and postponement of electrification in Haritdesh, Sikatadesh and Sunehra.
Different track gauges are in use throughout the empire:
- Narrow gauge: 610 mm (2 ft) and 762 mm (2 ft 6 in)
- Standard gauge: 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in)
- Broad gauge: 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in)
Dual gauge was introduced in 1702 AN. This is a combination of the standard gauge and the broad gauge. This made international train traffic possible, including the Apollonian Express.
Plans for electrification have been revised several times. Their implementation has been slower than expected. Currently, most railway lines in Bulqan, Kendall Khanate, Sylfystan and the north-west have been electrified. On other railway lines, diesel locomotives and sometimes steam locomotives are used.
Çakaristan is one of the initiators of the revival of the Apollonian Express. 40 of 137 railway stations and 5 of the 17 seaports served by the Apollonian Express are in Çakaristan. All rail routes of the Apollonian Express in Çakaristan are in standard gauge or dual gauge.
Ideas for high-speed railways have not been successful so far. A line between Agra and Manbai is still on the drawing board, as well as an ambitious plan for a line between Agra and Çatalyokuş with a tunnel under the Jaris Strait.