Micras Treaty Organization
|Micras Treaty Organization|
|- Secretary-General||Jan Spiik (Hurmu)|
|- Deputy Secretary-General||Vicaquirao Alvarez (Nouvelle Alexandrie)|
|- Main assembly||General Assembly|
|Membership||23 member states|
The Micras Treaty Organization (MTO) is an intergovernmental organization to promote international co-operation between the nations on Micras. It was originally established as a pro-Shirerithian organization under the name Small Commonwealth  on 10.XIII.1547 but transformed very quickly into a broader discussion platform between states which were sometimes even enemies.
The MTO is not a merger, nor a monolithic organization, nor an attempt at creating a micronational bloc. Member nations are not required to be on friendly terms or even recognise an other nation, nor are they required to interact with other member nation if they do not desire to do so.
The Micras Treaty Organization is an inter-micronational organization comprised of various member nations and numerous treaties. The core treaty is the Treaty of General Membership to the Micras Treaty Organization which established the Organization and the basics like the office of Secretary-General and the General Assembly. All other components of the MTO are purely optional, and member nations can pick and choose which treaties they choose to sign.
Member nations signing the core treaty relinquish no sovereignty or authority, nor gain any advantages in the MTO other then a seat in the General Assembly.
Languages and symbols
The de facto working language of the MTO is Istvanistani, as it is the official language of most member states. Treaties are written in Istvanistani and the General Assembly conducts business in that language as well. Batavian was originally co-official, with many original treaties being written in both Istvanistani and Batavia. After the collapse of the Batavian kingdom, and the downturn in MTO activity, Batavian was not used as frequently. Batavia later rejoined the MTO and the Batavian translation of the name of the organization was included on the new flag and emblem.
In the beginning a tree was used while the organization was known as the Small Commonwealth, but eventually - because of its strong connection with Malarbor / Shireroth - it never became widespread after the organization transitioned to the Micras Treaty Organization. A new flag and emblem was proposed and adopted by the General Assembly in 1687–1688.
The organization's day to day operations are headed and overseen by a Secretary-General, which is a permanent position once appointed by the General Assembly. The Secretary-General also oversees the General Assembly.
There is also a Deputy Secretary-General, who is be vested with the responsibility of assisting the Secretary-General. The Deputy Secretary-General is elected by the General Assembly and has the task to - should the Secretary-General be unavailable or unable to fulfil the duties of the office - exercise the duties of the Secretary-General, until the return of the Secretary-General, or until such time that the Secretary-General is able to resume exercising the duties and powers of his office. The Deputy Secretary may be recalled by a simple majority of the General Assembly.
List of powers of the Secretary-General
The specific powers of the Secretary-General are:
- declare votes passed or failed,
- remind representatives of proper procedure,
- set temporary voting and debate procedures to last in emergencies until cancelled by 1/4 of the Assembly at any time,
- keep debate relevant to the topic,
- serve as spokesman for the Micras Treaty Organization but not for its members,
- command (or officially appoint a commander) official MTO missions,
- delivering an official MTO Opinion to the greater micronational community,
- moderate the MTO's online forums
List of Secretaries-General
- Jaime Augusto Joaquin Primo de Aguilar, formerly of the Empire of Alexandria, now of the Free and Associative Kingdom of Constancia, since renamed the Imperial State of Constancia (appointed on 30 March 2015 ).
- Deputy: Erwin V.H. of the Republic of Flanders (appointed on 2 May 2015 ).
- Christophe Landry of Caputia (elected Oct 20, 2018)
- Deputy vacant
- Marco Lungo of Natopia (elected Mar 12, 2019)
- Jan Spiik of Hurmu (elected 31 January 2022)
The General Assembly is the main deliberative assembly. All member nations may send one representative to the General Assembly, which discusses treaties, and attempts to arbitrate between member states (which sometimes generates larger problems). The General Assembly also discusses topics of general discussion so that member nations may share their point of view on a variety of topics and political issues.
List of powers of the Assembly
The General Assembly has the power to:
- hold a vote of no confidence and remove the current Secretary-General and elect a new one,
- to appoint mediators and arbitrators at the request of any member nation,
- to serve as discussion platform for nations
- to establish offices under the Secretariat to further the mission of the MTO as agreed by the General Assembly
- to confirm the Secretary-General's appointments of administrators to offices within the Secretariat
- to approve MTO Missions
- to pass MTO Opinions
- to approve MTO Ancillary Treaties
List of MTO Missions
- A Mission to Assist the Republic of Alduria: Elwynn, Los Liberados, Kasterburg, Natopia, Alrig, and Constancia voted in favor. None against. Passed July 1, 2019.
List of MTO Opinions
The General Assembly can pass non-binding resolutions known as MTO Opinions that become the official stance of the MTO and General Assembly. While the outcome of the Opinions may generally align with the policies of MTO member nations, it is important to remember that MTO Opinions are not only non-binding, but also do not reflect the formal policy of the MTO members.
List of MTO Resolutions
MTO resolutions are binding, and are used for governing the Organization, approving or disproving treaties, etc.
The list is collated from the time that Jan Spiik was elected Secretary General:
Membership is limited to active nations on Micras as recognized by the Micronational Cartography Society. Removal from the MCS automatically removes the nation from the MTO as well. States wishing to join the MTO must ratify the General Membership Treaty and inform the Secretary-General of their intent to join. The Secretary-General will then add them as a full member.
When joining, States should also inform the Secretary-General which ancillary treaties or conventions they have ratified. Having joined the MTO in 2013, Calbion left the organisation in 1705 over a dispute concerning the role of the MTO in international affairs. Asked to comment on the departure, Governor-General Bevan-Hall described the MTO as "completely irrelevant". Following Calbion's departure the Count of Highpass was asked to comment on the matter, and described Calbion as "completely irrelevant". When asked how relevant his own country was, the Count replied "not very".
The Ancillary Treaties are the original purpose of the MTO. Sometimes referred to as the "treaty buffet," these treaties allow member states to pick and choose exactly what international agreements or organizations they wish to be party too, without putting undue stress on the main Organization. These generally require a signatory nation to first join the MTO before it can ratify the treaty. Although in practice, some states on Micras have copied sections of the text of these treaties for bilateral treaties between members and non-members.
The General Assembly, a member state delegation, or the Secretariat can draft Ancillary Treaties to be proposed to the General Assembly. The General Assembly then approves the text of the treaty by a majority vote to "endorse" the treaty, although voting for the Treaty in the General Assembly does not reflect the member state's endorsement of the Treaty's contents. The MTO then serves as depository for the treaty and may be granted advisory or clerical duties by the specific treaty.
Ratification of ancillary treaties is conducted according to the text of the treaty and the ratification procedures of the signatory nations. Unless given specific powers by the ancillary treaty, the MTO itself has little oversight over the implementation of these treaties and usually only serves as repository or intermediary for notifications. Signatory nations are generally responsible for maintaining the terms of the treaty among themselves, but are encouraged to bring grievances to the General Assembly for arbitration.
- Small Convention on Forum Based Weapons
- Small Treaty of Non-Aggression
- Convention on the Establishment of a Common Court
- Micras Intellectual Property Protection Act (MIPPA)
- Treaty to Establish the International Commission
- Convention on the Laws of the Seas