General Membership Treaty
The Treaty of General Membership to the Micras Treaty Organization is the foundational treaty of the Micras Treaty Organisation.
1. There is an organization, called the Micras Treaty Organization, which shall consist of all signatory members of this Treaty. All member nations may send one (1) representative to the General Assembly.
- 1a. The MTO shall enjoy in the territory of each of its Members such legal and appropriate capacity as may be necessary for the exercise of its functions and the fulfillment of its purposes.
- 1b. For purposes of votes within the General Assembly, any vote cast as equivalent to "Abstain" shall not be counted as a vote in the affirmative or the negative, but simply a recognition that the representative was present and voted.
2. The purposes of the Micras Treaty Organization are to maintain international peace and security; to develop friendly relations among nations based on mutual respect, and to take other appropriate measures to strengthen universal peace; to achieve international co-operation in solving international problems of an economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian character; and to be a center for harmonizing the actions of nations in the attainment of these common ends.
3. Membership in the MTO is open to all sovereign states on Micras which accept the obligations contained in this present Treaty and have ratified this Treaty by their own procedures. A new member state will inform the Organization it has ratified the Treaty, and the Secretary-General will arrange for the immediate entry of the new member into the Organization.
- 3a. Members may be expelled from the organization for extraordinary reasons by the General Assembly with a 3/4th (75.0%) majority.
- 3b. Members that have been removed from the map of Micras, as maintained by the Micronational Cartographic Society, shall be automatically removed from the organization by the Secretary-General.
- 3c. Any non-sovereign nation, subnational autonomous entity, or other international organization, may apply for observer status, provided that it has permission from the national entity it belongs to through their proper constitutional means, to the Secretary-General, who will put the application before the General Assembly, needing a simple majority vote to pass. Observer status grants a seat and voice in the General Assembly but no vote.
4. There are established as principal organs of the Micras Treaty Organization: A General Assembly and a Secretariat. Such subsidiary organs as may be found necessary may be established in accordance with the Treaties of the MTO, with the approval of the General Assembly.
- 4a. The General Assembly may discuss any questions or any matters within the scope of the present Treaties of the MTO or relating to the powers and functions of any organs provided for in this Treaty of General Membership and may make recommendations to the Members of the MTO or to both on any such questions or matters.
- 4b. The General Assembly may consider and establish the general principles of co-operation in the maintenance of international peace and security.
- 4c. Each member of the General Assembly shall have one vote.
- 4d. The General Assembly shall adopt its own rules of procedure and may establish such subsidiary organs as it deems necessary for the performance of its functions.
5. The Secretariat shall comprise a Secretary-General and such staff as the Organization may require. The Secretary-General shall be elected by a simple majority of the General Assembly. He shall be the chief administrative officer of the Organization.
- 5a. The specific powers of the Secretary-General are to: preside over the General Assembly according to its rules and procedures, declare votes passed or failed, remind representatives of proper procedure, set temporary voting and debate procedures to last in emergencies until canceled by 1/4 of the Assembly at any time, keep debate relevant to the topic, serve as spokesman for the Micras Treaty Organization but not for its members, command (or officially appoint a commander) official MTO missions, delivering an official MTO Opinion to the greater micronational community, and moderate the MTO's online forums.
- 5b. The Secretary-General shall protect and guarantee the right of Members to bring to the attention of the General Assembly any matter which in their opinion may threaten the maintenance of international peace and security.
- 5c. In the performance of their duties the Secretary-General and the staff shall not seek or receive instructions from any government or from any other authority external to the Organization. They shall refrain from any action which might reflect on their position as international officials responsible only to the Organization.
- 5d. Each Member of the MTO undertakes to respect the exclusively international character of the responsibilities of the Secretary-General and the staff and not to seek to influence them in the discharge of their responsibilities.
- 5e. The staff shall be appointed by the Secretary-General under regulations established by the General Assembly.
- 5f. The Secretary-General shall have the right to bring to the attention of Members and to the General Assembly any matter which in their opinion is of concern regarding the Organization, its internal processes, the Treaty of General Membership, or any ancillary concerns. This shall not limit the right of Members of the Organization to do the same.
6. There shall be a Deputy Secretary-General, who shall be vested with the responsibility of assisting the Secretary-General. The Deputy Secretary-General shall be elected by the General Assembly.
- 6a. Should the Secretary-General be unavailable or unable to fulfill the duties of the office, the Deputy Secretary-General shall exercise the duties of the Secretary-General, until the return of the Secretary-General, or until such time that the Secretary-General is able to resume exercising the duties and powers of his office. The Deputy Secretary may be recalled by a simple majority of the General Assembly.
7. At any time, the General Assembly may hold a vote of no confidence and remove the current Secretary-General. A simple majority (50%+1) is needed to remove a Secretary-General and elect a new one. This vote is managed by the representative who proposed it, in accordance with the rules and procedures of the General Assembly.
- 7a. Where there shall be no Secretary-General nor Deputy Secretary-General in office, the provisions of Article 7 shall apply.
8. The General Assembly has the authority to appoint mediators and arbitrators at the request of any member nation.
- 8a. Nations that use MTO mediation agree to follow the findings of the mediator.
9. Any party to this treaty may put before the General Assembly a Resolution for an MTO Mission.
- 9a. Valid missions are providing aid to any nation in need, peacekeeping services in zones of conflict or potential conflict or any action deemed necessary by the General Assembly to the peace and well-being of Micras.
- 9b. For a Resolution for an MTO Mission to pass, the General Assembly must meet a 3/4th (75.0%) vote in favor of the resolution.
- 9c. MTO Missions are non-binding and no member of the MTO is obligated to take part in them.
10. Any party to this treaty may put before the General Assembly a Resolution for an MTO Opinion.
- 10a. An MTO opinion will be a non-binding opinion on the issue(s) provided in the resolution.
- 10b. An MTO Opinion resolution will only become an official MTO Opinion upon a unanimous vote in favor of said resolution.
11. Nations may leave at any time by directing their official MTO representative, to inform the Secretary-General of their intent to leave this treaty for it to be recognized. Upon leaving this treaty the departing nation is removed from all other treaties’ dependent upon this one.
12. This treaty may be amended by the General Assembly with a 3/4th (75.0%) majority.
(last amended 1686)