President of New Batavia
|President of New Batavia|
|Style||Meneer de President or Mevrouw de President|
The President of New Batavia is the ceremonial head-of-state of the Islamic Republic of New Batavia. The office is regulated by the Constitution. The President is elected via general election for a six months term.
Powers and duties
The constitution clearly defines the president as a ceremonial head-of-state and explicitly prohibits giving the president any other powers than those stipulated by the constitution.
- The president is the chairman of the Majlis-ash-Shoera
- He ceremonially appoints the Grand Vizier, who needs a majority in the Majlis-ash-Shoera
- He promulagates laws
- He proposes the appointment of judges to the Majlis-ash-Shoera
The president is the "guardian of the constitution". He can decide to not sign an act of the Majlis-ash-Shoera into law, if he feels the act violates the constitution. The act is then referred to the Supreme Court. In case the Supreme Court rules the act is constitutional, the president has to sign the act into law.
On December 13, 2020 the President refused to the sign the treaty between Hurmu and New Batavia because it was in English. The Supreme Court followed the President's argument. The treaty was translated into Dutch and re-submitted to the Majlis-ash-Shoera.
The president may be given emergency powers in case of "inactivity". This is a relic of the old Second Republic when micronationalism was differently organized.
Order of succession
The Act succession office holders 2021 regulates the presidential order of succession.
|1||The Vice Chairman of the Majlis-ash-Shoera||Safwan Stilleburger|
|2||The Grand Vizier||Fairouz Farhani|
|3||The Vice Grand Vizier||Khadija van Neerlinde|
|4||The Vizier of Home Affairs||Khadija van Neerlinde|
|5||The vizier with the highest seniority in the cabinet, etc.||Safeena Farhani|
|6||The member of the Majlis-ash-Shoera with the highest seniority, etc.|
|7||The Chief Justice||Abdullah van Nedersticht|
|History of New Batavia|
|Portal New Batavia|
The Virtual United Provinces were established in 2007 and featured a presidential system of government. The Stadtholder (Stadhouder) was the chief executive. In 2008 the nation became a parliamentary republic and the office of President or Chairman (Voorzitter van de Republiek) was created. Since then, the office didn't change much, except for the actual title. It was changed to Sadr in 2010 and again to President in 2020.
This is a list of heads-of-state of New Batavia and its predecessor states.
|First Republic (Stadtholder)|
|1||Frans||2007-03-23 - 2008-06-13||Independent|
|Second Republic (President)|
|acting||Frans||2008-06-14 - 2009-01-31||Patriotic Alliance|
|2||Calvin Klein||2009-02-01 - 2009-08-10||Independent|
|3||Alejandro Gonzalez||2009-08-11 - 2010-02-16||Independent|
|4||Nihill Romez||2010-02-17 - 2010-05-16||Fresxa Komenci|
|acting||Jef Vermussen||2010-04-28 - 2010-05-11||Fresxa Komenci|
|5||Saladin||2010-05-17 - 2010-06-28||Islamic Revolutionary Party|
|Third Republic (Sadr)|
|5||Saladin||2010-06-29 - exile||Islamic Revolutionary Party|
|5||Saladin||2011-07-04 - restoration||Islamic Revolutionary Party|
|Third Republic Restoration (Sadr)|
|5||Saladin||2020-11-10 - Fourth Republic||Islamic Revolutionary Party|
|Fourth Republic (President)|
|5||Saladin||2020-11-30 - 2021-04-30||Islamic Revolutionary Party|
|2021-05-01 - 2021-09-26||Islamic Revolutionary Party|
|acting||Fairouz Farhani||2021-09-27 - 2021-10-14||Islamic Revolutionary Party|
|6||Mehmet Arslan||2021-10-15 - 2022-04-14||Islamic Revolutionary Party|
|2022-04-15 - 2022-10-14||Islamic Revolutionary Party|
|2022-10-15 - 2023-04-14||Islamic Revolutionary Party|