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Senate of the Lakes

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The Senate of the Lakes (Hurmu Norse: Aldraraaðeð sjooa; Lakkvian: Järvede vanematekogu; White Lontinian: Nuuruudyn Akhmadyn zövlöl; Blue Lontinian: Kölder aqsaqaldarı keñesi; Crandish: Altonratt ties Zeivers), also known as the Senate of Hurmu and the Senate, is the upper chamber of the Parlerment (or legislature) of Hurmu, and is also the collective head of state of Hurmu, as an example of the exercise of sovereignty of the Order of the Holy Lakes in right of Hurmu. The Senate is also the constitutional court of Hurmu, and it decides on rules governing the Order of the Holy Lakes

The current Senate, elected in 1701 and took office on 1.I.1702, has 18 members who are elected by the Electors, that is the adult members (who are at least or will turn 18 years of age during the year of the election) of the Order of the Holy Lakes. The Senate had 9 members from 1690 to 1701, with the first election occurring in 1690 and the second one in 1695. From 1702 and onwards, the Senate had 18 members.

The Senate was originally created by Prince Andelarion as the Electorate of Hurmu in 1514. Quickly renamed to the Senate of the Lakes, it was in session from 1522 to 1558 (I), from 1570 to 1574 (II), and from 1574 until 1599 as the merged Senate of Elwynn and Hurmu (III), and from 1599 as the Senate of an independent Hurmu once more (IV), until 1603, when it was effectively destroyed during the Hurmu genocide. After Hurmu's reunification in 1690, the Senate has been in three sessions (1690–1695 (VI), 1695–1701 (VII), and 1701 (VIII) and onwards).

Powers

The Senate of the Lakes acts as the collective head of state of Hurmu, and, during the prorogation of the Assembly (automatically in election periods and when otherwise declared), it is the sole legislature of Hurmu.

Moreover, the Senate is the upper house of the Parlerment of Hurmu, and thus, all bills passing the Assembly must meet the approval of the Senate in order to be enacted into law.

Also, the Senate is also the final arbiter or interpreter of all constitutional matters. In so doing, the Senate acts as Supreme Court for all constitutional questions in Hurmu.

The Senate has furthermore the following duties:

  • Overseeing the Hurmu Peace Corps
  • Overseeing the Order of the Holy Lakes
  • Accrediting and receiving diplomatic envoys, such as ambassadors
  • The power to declare war and make peace
  • Ratify treaties (the Assembly's approval is necessary if the treaty amends national legislation)
  • Amend the constitution (with the approval of the States, not the Assembly)

The minority in the Senate have the powers as follows:

  • Any question within the powers of the Senate might be brought to a referendum of the Electorate (i.e. the adult members of the Order of the Holy Lakes) if one third of the Senators so declare; such referendum will be held in conjunction with the next regular senatorial election. For example, if three Senators state that they want the question of changing the name of Hurmu's official name to "Republic of Hurmu", then the voters will decide on it in a binding referendum, and the question may not be revisited by the Senate during the term preceding the referendum or following it.

Senate 1708–1714

Elected in 1707 to the Senate term beginning 1.I.1708 were 7 United Ayreonist–Traditionalists, 6 Humanists, 3 Conservatives, 1 Einhornist, and 1 Verionist.

Composition

Portrait Name Birth Death Tenure Faction Comment
Hurmu coat of arms.png Aliande, Lady Laegel 1654 Erudition (aged 56) 1704– (6 years) Verionist
House of Osman.png Ardashir Babakan-e Osman 1665 Raspur (aged 45) 1690– (20 years) Humanist
Hurmu coat of arms.png Chaghagan Khoga 1624 (aged 86) 1702– (8 years) Humanist Khan of the White Band of the Eastern Ulus of the Silver Yak Horde
Daniyal al-Osman.png Daniyal al-Osman 1645 Trans-Elwynn (aged 83) 1690– (20 years) Humanist Prime Minister since 1690
Hurmu coat of arms.png Đorđe Babić 1655 (aged 55 AN years) 1708– (2 AN years years) United Ayreonist–Traditionalist
Hurmu coat of arms.png Eliza Aabooð 1632 Lakkvia (aged 78)) 1703– (7 years) United Ayreonist–Traditionalist Took office upon the death of Kir on 2.VII.1703. Senator also 1696–1701 (6 AN years), took office in 1696, replacing Catarina de Todos los Santos u-Kart who suddenly resigned].
Enkhjargal al-Osman.png Ghawetkiin Enkhjargal 1672 Ghawlama (aged 38) 1695– (15 years) Humanist
House of Osman.png Jamshid-e Osman 1665 Raspur (aged 45) 1702– (8 years) Humanist Senator also 1690–1695
JayaPrabhu.jpg Jaya Prabhu 1676 (aged 34) 1702– (8 years) Conservative
KarelKyle03.jpg Karel des Vinandy 1676 's Koningenwaarde (aged 34) 1695– (15 years) Conservative
Linaomiai.png Li Naomiai Avon-El 1627 Michaelion (aged 83) 1690– (20 years) United Ayreonist–Traditionalist Presiding officer 1702–
Hurmu coat of arms.png Linus Truls Thorgilsson 1644 Shirekeep (aged 66 AN years) 1708– (2 AN years years) Humanist
Arms Ayreon-Kalirion10.png Lyudmila Eduardovna 1669 (aged 41) 1702– (8 years) United Ayreonist–Traditionalist
Hurmu coat of arms.png Milo Enujohanenion 1650 (aged 60 AN years) 1708– (2 AN years years) United Ayreonist–Traditionalist
Hurmu coat of arms.png Monica Oline Einhorn Likness 1630 Normark (aged 80 AN years) 1708– (2 AN years years) Einhornist Princess among the Lakes
Mondoseal.svg Mondo Etzeterra 1708– (2 AN years) Independent Elected on the United Ayreonist–Traditionalist List but independent
Hurmu coat of arms.png Patrik Djupvik 1643 Shirekeep (aged 67) 1690– (20 years) United Ayreonist–Traditionalist
SaurabhFarrah.jpg Saurabh Farrah 1680 (aged 30) 1702– (8 years) Conservative

Important matters

Year M D Item Outcome Comment
1708 1 1 Elect a presiding officer: United Ayreonist–Traditionalists nominated Li Naomiai Avon-El as the Senate's presiding officer and ex officio Chancellor of the Order of the Holy Lakes. Question was asked Li Naomiai Avon-El elected (15-0-3) Li Naomiai was thus re-elected to the position.
1708 5 1 Al-Khadra to be a district adopted by acclamation
1708 9 24 Senatorial Audience for the Shahanshah of Çakaristan As part of his state visit to Hurmu, Jaaguzan met with the Senate in an audience before speaking before the Parliament in a joint session of the Assembly of Representatives and the Senate. In the evening, The Senate hosted a banquet in honour of the Shahanshah.
1709 7 9 The Samhold/Warring Islands Bill

(Summary)

(1) The Senate ratifies of the Treaty between the Senate of the Lakes, on behalf of the Order of the Holy Lakes in right of Hurmu, and the High Presidium of the Benacian Union on the transfer of sovereignty of Samholdsøya to Hurmu and the District of the Warring Islands to the Benacian Union, concluded in Chryse on 15.VI.1709.

(2) A town will be erected in Samholdsøya for the repatriates of the Warring Islands, wishing to remain under Hurmu sovereignty, and also wishing to remain in community with their Warring Islands kin. A Warring Islander wishing to resettle elsewhere in Hurmu will not be discouraged however.
Enacted (15-0-0-3))

Senate 1702–1707

Elected in 1701 to the Senate term beginning 1.I.1701 were 1 Ayreonist, 4 Conservatives, 1 Verionist, 6 Humanists, and 6 Traditionalists.

Composition

Portrait Name Birth Death Tenure Faction Comment
Hurmu coat of arms.png Aliande, Lady Laegel 1654 Erudition (aged 56) 1704–1707 (3 AN years years) Verionist Took on the seat upon her husband's murder on 9.VIII.1704.
Alissa Guadalim.png Alissa Guadalim 1661 (aged 49) 1702–1707 (5 AN years years) Humanist
House of Osman.png Ardashir Babakan-e Osman 1665 Raspur (aged 45) 1690–1707 (20 years) Humanist
Hurmu coat of arms.png Chaghagan Khoga 1624 (aged 86) 1702– (8 years) Humanist Khan of the White Band of the Eastern Ulus of the Silver Yak Horde
Daniyal al-Osman.png Daniyal al-Osman 1645 Trans-Elwynn (aged 83) 1690– (20 years) Humanist Prime Minister since 1690
Hurmu coat of arms.png Eliza Aabooð 1632 Lakkvia (aged 78)) 1703–1707 (4 AN years) Ayreonist Took office upon the death of Kir on 2.VII.1703. Senator also 1696–1701 (6 AN years), took office in 1696, replacing Catarina de Todos los Santos u-Kart who suddenly resigned].
Hurmu coat of arms.png Erik Tyve Andersen 1645 (aged 65) 1702– (8 years) Traditionalist
Enkhjargal al-Osman.png Ghawetkiin Enkhjargal 1672 Ghawlama (aged 38) 1695– (15 years) Humanist
Isorverion.png Isor Verion 1660 Cromswind 1704 (aged 44 AN years) 1702–1704 (2 AN years years) Verionist
Hopsy.jpg Ivan Maksimilianov-Shvinnskiy 1667 Mudyy, Mishalan 1704 (aged 43 years) 1704–(6 years) Traditionalist Took his seat in the Senate upon Jan Spiik's resignation.
House of Osman.png Jamshid-e Osman 1665 Raspur (aged 45) 1702– (8 years) Humanist Senator also 1690–1695
Hurmu coat of arms.png Jan u-Samil Spiik 1645 Vesüha (aged 65) 1690–1704 (14 AN years) Traditionalist Prime Minister of Hurmu (1690), Prime Minister of Lakkvia (1686–1690). Resigned his seat on 30.XV.1704 upon his election to Secretary-General of the MTO.
Hurmu coat of arms.png Janek Tryggve 1668 (aged 42) 1702–19.VI.1706 (4 AN years) Traditionalist Resigned upon being elected Jurist of the MTO Court, replaced by Monika Saajar.
JayaPrabhu.jpg Jaya Prabhu 1676 (aged 34) 1702– (8 years) Conservative
KarelKyle03.jpg Karel des Vinandy 1676 's Koningenwaarde (aged 34) 1695– (15 years) Conservative
Kir Azariah Vidar.1688.png Kir Ayreon-Kalirion of Waffel-Paine 1667 Shirekeep (aged 36 AN years) 1703 1702–1703 (1 AN year years) Ayreonist 19.VI.1706
Hurmu coat of arms.png Monika Saajar 1673 Haraldsborg (aged 37 AN years) 1706– (4 AN years years) Traditionalist Replaced Janek Tryggve upon his resignation on 19.VI.1706 due to his election to Jurist of MTO Court.
Linaomiai.png Li Naomiai Avon-El 1627 Michaelion (aged 83) 1690– (20 years) Traditionalist Presiding officer 1702–
Arms Ayreon-Kalirion10.png Lyudmila Eduardovna 1669 (aged 41) 1702– (8 years) Traditionalist
Hurmu coat of arms.png Patrik Djupvik 1643 Shirekeep (aged 67) 1690– (20 years) Traditionalist
SaurabhFarrah.jpg Saurabh Farrah 1680 (aged 30) 1702– (8 years) Conservative
PriyaSinha.jpg Priya Sinha 1650 (aged 60) 1702– (8 years) Conservative

Committees

There are 4 committees in the Senate, each having 5 members. The committees are for the Hurmu Peace Corps, diplomatic relations, protocol/Order of the Holy Lakes, and constitutional law.

Senatorial Committee for the Hurmu Peace Corps

Overseas defence, border control, security, matters related to the Hurmu Peace Corps, as well as the Green.

Members

Senatorial Committee for Diplomatic Relations

Overseas foreign affairs, in charge of embassies and legations abroad, multilateral and bilateral relations:

Members

Senatorial Committee for Protocol and Matters related to the Order of the Holy Lakes

In charge of relations with the Assembly, relations with the States and Districts, preparing elections, genealogy of the order, protocol in the Order and the Senate, bookkeeping of the Senate, and manages the civil service of the Order.

The chair of the Committee is ex officio Chancellor of the Order of the Holy Lakes.

Members

Senatorial Committee for Constitutional Law and Justice

Prepares for when the Senate sits as the Supreme Court, scrutinises other parts of the Hurmu government, acts as public ombudsman

Members

Important matters

Year M D Item Outcome Comment
1702 1 1 Elect a presiding officer Li Naomiai Avon-El elected Traditionalists nominated Li Naomiai Avon-El as the Senate's presiding officer. Elected by the Senate (14-0-4), with Conservatives abstaining.
1702 1 1 Recognize as faction representatives: Daniyal al-Osman for the Humanists, Jan Spiik for the Traditionalists, Isor Verion for the Verionists, Kir Ayreon-Kalirion of Waffel-Paine for the Ayreonists, and Karel des Vinandy for the Conservatives Approved by acclamation
1702 1 1 Expand committees from 3 to 5 members Approved by acclamation
1702 1 2 To note the results of the Order referendums on the questions of currency and membership of Scott Woodrow, to be mindful of the results of the first question being binding upon the Senate, and the second question not having been answered by the membership Approved The resolution on the first question was passed by acclamation; the second question with 13 votes in favour, 4 votes against (Conservatives)
1702 1 5 To confirm the Assembly's nomination of Daniyal al-Osman as Prime Minister of Hurmu Confirmed 11 votes in favour (Humanists, Traditionalists); 2 votes against (Ayreonists, Verionists), 4 abstentions (Conservatives)
1702 6 The Prime Minister announcing his cabinet
1702 7 The Senate receives the new cabinet for luncheon.
1702 1 14 Report on treaty negotiations with the Hexarchy Received Rapporteur: Senator des Vinandy.
1702 1 14 Communiqué from Batavia Received Rapporteur: Senator des Vinandy.
1702 1 14 Report on Kurum Ash-Sharqia Received Rapporteur: Senator des Vinandy.
1702 1 16 Assign committees So done Committees assigned. Traditionalists and Humanists agreed to share the chair and vice chair positions, and reported to the Presiding Officer who set out the new committees. 5.IV.1702
1702 3 15 Report: Batavia I Received Rapporteur: Jan Spiik
1702 4 5 Accreditation of legate from the Benacian Union Received Linus Truls Thorgilsson received and approved as legate from the Benacian Union, thus replacing the ambassadors from Elwynn and the Unified Governorates.
1702 5 17 Report: Batavia II Received Rapporteur: Karel des Vinandy
1702 5 24 Admission of Rashid Hasanzadeh to the Order Rejected A joint AyreonistVerionist proposal to admit Rashid Hasanzadeh to the Order, "for his steadfast work for peace, friendship, and cooperation between Hurmu and Zeed, for fostering a sense of brotherhood between the Hurmu and Zeedic peoples, and for securing peace in Hurmu during the Zeed–Raspur Pact war" was voted down by the Senate with 2 votes in favour (Ayreonist–Verionists), 4 votes against (Conservatives) and 11 abstentions (Humanists and Traditionalists).
1702 6 8 Ratification of a treaty with the Hexarchy Approved Unanimously.
1702 6 12 Ratification of a treaty with Batavia Approved With this treaty, diplomatic relations with Batavia were upgraded from consular level to ambassadorial level. Moreover, Hurmu and Batavia agreed on a land trade. Northern Bretland was ceded to Batavia in exchange for Fränzi-Ferdinanda Island being ceded to Hurmu.

The ratification was passed with 15 votes in favour and 2 votes against (Ayreonist, Verionist), with the presiding officer not voting.
1702 10 4 Report on Kurum Ash-Sharqia II Received Rapporteur: Jan Spiik.
1702 10 6 Report on Kurum Ash-Sharqia III Received Rapporteur: Jan Spiik (by link from Vrijplaats)
1702 11 16 Ratification of Treaty between Hurmu and Kurum Ash-Sharqia Approved With this treaty, diplomatic relations with Kurum Ash-Sharqia were normalized. Adopted unanimously.
1702 13 19 Transprinitica Act Approved Adopted unanimously. Hurmu annexes territory west of Lontinien and Rekozemlje, all the way to Tyrador, and grants the eastern parts of the new lands to the State of Lontinien, and the western parts of it to the new-formed Transprinitican District.
1702 15 16 Receiving the Hu and honouring the band for bringing glory to Hurmu by winning this year's Microvision contest.
1703 1 10 Report on the Arboric Civil War etc. Received Rapporteur: K. K. des Vinandy.
1703 2 1 Port Esther Summit: Report I Received Rapporteur: Jan Spiik.
1703 2 6 Report on Lycurgus. Abbreviated form: The harbour master at Tyrador, one of the small community of shipwrecked mariners who found shelter with the HPC garrison there, reported spotting a rusting merchantman, ex-SATCO by the looks of it, sheltering in the roads offshore. The garrison commander was summoned, as he had the binoculars. The colours at the vessel's stern appeared to be those of the Elwynnese Realm. In the absence of coastguard cutter, nor of an air sea rescue helicopter, requisitions for which have been submitted, a contingent of eight riflemen accompanied the harbour master on a commandeered native fishing boat to make an inspection of the strange vessel.

The MV Lycurgus, almost certainly a false name, was found to be carrying a human cargo - four hundred and fifty Umraists from the city of Allswell in Alalehzamin. All in a miserable and sickly condition.

It transpires that the persecution has continued, in spite of international criticism. Those Umraists who refused the call to submit to the Covenant, about half in all, were subjected to a round-up, with the security forces assisted by their Zurvanite neighbours. Selection parades are reportedly being conducted in rural Mishalan, with those chosen for the Labour Reserve being sent to Pozdam for processing, whilst the rejects are being herded onto trains bound for Avakair, where they apparently await boats.

It should be noted that most reported executions have been conducted against those who have attempted to resist, or flee, particularly those trying to cross borders without authority.

Those found manacled aboard the MV Lycurgus were apparently a "trial run", an attempt to find a suitable port or coastline onto which the deported population could be dumped. There may well be more to come.

Received Rapporteur: Ghawetkiin Enkhjargal.
1703 6 17 Ratification of Treaty between Hurmu and Sanama Approved With this treaty, diplomatic relations with the new regime in Sanama were normalized. Adopted with 13 votes in favour (Ayreonists, Humanists, Traditionalists, Verionists) with the 4 Conservatives absent. The Humanist vote proved dramatic, as the Humanists first opposed ratification, citing the plight of the "Humanist Martyrs of Richmond". Thereafter, the Presiding Officer, being shocked at the sudden emotive nature of the humanist delegation, adjourned the meeting for a few minutes. When the meeting resumed 10 minutes later, the Humanist delegation informed the Presiding Officer that they had changed their votes to abstain. A few minutes later, the Humanist delegation received a telegram from Chryse, carried into the Senate chamber on a silver platter by one of the young Lakkvian ushers working at the Palace of the Elenaran, and the Humanist delegation then informed the Presiding Officer that they changed their votes again, once more, this time to being in favour. Despite the Conservatives having not been able to attend the meeting yet (travel difficulties), the Presiding Officer immediately called the question closed, perhaps in an attempt to avoid further Humanist vote changing, and declared the treaty duly ratified.
1703 3 Sitting in memoriam Kir Azariah Vidar, who had died the day before.
1703 4 Eliza Aabooð takes up the seat left vacant upon the death of Kir Azariah Vidar.
1703 10–11 Report on the Ghawlama attack. According to a leak reported by the Humanist-aligned tabloid Hurmu Herald, the Senate voted (15 votes in favour (Conservatives, Humanists, Traditionalists), 2 against (Ayreonist, Verionist) to issue an ultimatum to the so-called Republic of Barikalus, whereby the Republic would have 12 days (i.e. until the 22 or 23.VIII.1703 to provide Hurmu with reparations for the attack, with figures around 1 million Cräites per dead Hurmudan and for costs of cleaning up the harbour and repairing it and salvaging the damaged ship, as well as handing over all persons involved in the attack to face trial in Hurmu, and that if the Republic fails to deliver on these demands, Hurmu will respond to a military attack on its territory with a proportional military response, and also exclude Mustafa Asada from the Order of the Holy Lakes for treason by waging war against Hurmu.
1703 8 24 Expulsion of Mustafa Asada

The Senate condemns, in the strongest terms possible, the attack on Hurmu territory, in which several hundred people were murdered soldiers and airmen under the command of Mustafa Asada, son of Ali Asada and Jalila el-Hana.

Mustafa Asada has failed to take responsibility for his actions and for the actions of the people under his command. He has received the demands for reparation and bringing to justice of all of those involved in the attack, and he has not acted on them. As such, he has brought the Holy Lakes into disrepute and his refusal to take responsibility threaten the people of Hurmu with war.

By bringing fire and death upon the people of Hurmu, Mustafa Asada has committed treason against the Holy Lakes. For that reason, the Senate of the Lakes, in its capacity as sovereign of the Order of the Holy Lakes in right of Hurmu, expels Mustafa Asada, son of Ali Asada and Jalila el-Hana, from the Order of the Holy Lakes, with immediate effect.
Unanimously approved Mustafa Asada thus had the rare dishonour of being the first person ever to have been expelled from the Order of the Holy Lakes
1704 3 10 Receiving the Imperial Apollonian Ambassador, Ravi Sharma, in which the Ambassador relays information of a formal declaration of war from Barikalus upon Hurmu. Received Rapporteur: Ravi Sharma.
Report: Attack on Ghawlama Received Rapporteur: Ghawetkiin Enkhjargal
War with Barikalus Act
In short, the Act provided for recognising the existence a state of war between Barikalus and Hurmu, authorising the HPC to enter and occupy territory presently held by the forces of Barikalus, considering the entirety of the territory of the former Emirate of Arbor enemy territory, and seizing all assets belonging to the enemy and citizens and companies of the assets
Unanimously approved
Minute of silence for the slain in Ghawlama
1704 2 Attempted coup d'état. Senate adjourned.
1704 4 Senate reopened.
1704 10 Sitting in memoriam Isor Verion, who was found dead the day before.
1704 4 Aliande of Laegel takes up the seat left vacant upon the death of Isor Verion.
1704 10 24 Tiegang Armistice Agreement: Report and planning for the four-year occupation of Al-Khadra and Qurtuba Received Rapporteur: Ardashir Babakan-e Osman.
1704 11 2 Question of Hurmu joining the World Association of Non-aligned Countries Approved 11 votes in favour (Traditionalist, Conservative, Ayreonist, Verionist) and 6 votes against (all Humanist).
1704 12 10 Assent to the Assembly's Currency Bill Approved unanimously Most provisions, including the introduction of the Hurmu crown, enter force on 1.I.1701.
1703 15 7 Report on relations with Meckelnburgh, Ashinthael, Lac Glacei, and the Hexarchy Received Rapporteur: Jan Spiik.
1704 15 8 Bill to expand the territories of Lontinien and Transprinitica Approved unanimously Allows for the Hurmu annexation of the Green territory between Lontinien, Transprinitica and the Ashinthael reservation.
1704 15 30 Jan Spiik informs the Senate that he has been elected Secretary General of the MTO and thus must resign his seat in the Senate. He is replaced by Ivan Maksimilianov-Shvinnskiy who takes his place six hours later.
1705 1 17 Question of ratification of Treaty with Akhidia Approved Ratification passed with 7 votes in favour (Traditionalists, Ayreonists, Verionists), 6 votes against (Humanists), and 4 abstentions (Conservatives).
1705 5 5 Accession to the Convention on the Establishment of a Common Court Approved Ratification passed with 12 votes in favour (Humanists, Traditionalists, Ayreonists), 5 votes against (Conservatives, Verionists).

The Humanists supported these measures as being conducive to Hurmu's seeking of the role of host for this organisation.

Conservatives described themselves as not happy with foreign interference that undermined Hurmu's sovereignty and therefore votes against the accessions.

The Verionist representative agreed with Calbion's notice to depart from the MTO – "The new secretary's attempts to increase MTO powers, as well as the talks of a move to a place build on the theft of the work of others are a step to far." The Verionist representative stated, for the record, that Hurmu should abandon its membership in the MTO.

The Ayreonists and Traditionalists disagreed that ratifying the said treaties will diminish Hurmu's sovereignty, on the contrary, they believed it would lead to a greater voice of Hurmu on the international arena, which will only serve to strengthen Hurmu's independence and sovereignty. Accordingly they voted aye.
Accession to the Treaty to Establish the International Commission
1705 13 10 MTO Headquarters Agreement Approved by acclamation Vesüha has been elected the MTO headquarters. This agreement is an executive agreement between the Government of Hurmu and the Secretariat-General of the MTO on matters such as extraterritoriality, immunity, as well as land use of the MTO in Hurmu. All in accordance with international law and norms.
1706 5 3 Report on negotiations to declare peace in the Barikalus–Hurmu war. Received Rapporteur: Karel Kyle
1706 6 19 Janek Tryggve informs the Senate that he has been elected Jurist the MTO Court and thus must resign his seat in the Senate. He is replaced by Monika Saajar who takes his place immediately after.
1706 7 5 Ratification of the Dasil Agreement Approved unanimously If ratified by all parties, on 1.X.1708, Hurmu will be expanded to include the cities of Al-Khadra and Khanabad. Occupation of Al-Khadra and Qurtuba to stay on-going until then.
1706 10 14 Sanctions on Floria Approved (7-6-1-4) Illegal war of aggression that Floria brings on the peaceful country of Pt Balaine, amounting to, as follows:
  • Ban of Florian businesses operating in Hurmu
  • End of visa-free travel for Florian citizens in Hurmu
  • Freezing of all Florian assets in Hurmu
  • Ban of Florian trains on our tracks
  • Ban of Florian ships in our waters
  • Ban of Florian use of Hurmu airspace
1706 15 10 Annexation of Karnamark and Amaland Approved (6-0-12-0) With this Act, the districts of Karnamark and Amaland were established with annexed territory on the west coast of Keltia. Border of Karnamark pending, due to dispute with the Hexarchy. Agree to disagree with Hexarchy while negotiations work it out.
1707 2 5 Ratification of the Treaty with Vegno. Approved (13-0-1-4)
1707 2 5 Florian Sanctions Compromise Approved (13-0-1-4) With this compromise being approved by the Senate, Hurmu eased its sanctions against Floria to be in line with those of the Xäiville Convention. This restored the right of Florian businesses to trade with Hurmu (though kept the import ban of Florian products), visa-free travel for Florian citizens, and the right of Florian trains and ships and airplanes to access Hurmu. Sanctions remaining were thus "an import ban on Florian products, a release of copyright on Florian products already in the XC is lifted (making piracy legal), and no broadcasting of Florian football games, and no audience for Florian games taking place in XC countries". Moreover, the Senate directed its representative to the XC to begin dismantling the sanctions against Floria.
1707 10 10 The Senate receives His Majesty Giakoumis (Jaime Augustin Joaquin Primo de Aguilar), Basileus of Constancia, Knight of the Holy Lakes, for an audience followed by a luncheon, as part of the first day of His Majesty's state visit to Hurmu.
1707 10 13 The Senate hosts a banquet for His Majesty Giakoumis, Basileus of Constancia, Knight of the Holy Lakes, as part of the last evening of His Majesty's state visit to Hurmu. Present for the banquet are also several members of the Basileus's entorage and family, as well as of the Constancian and Hurmu legislatures and executives and state/provincial/district leaders and representatives of the loyal opposition in both countries.
1707 14 5 Question of sponsoring Cisamarra's XC application Approved by acclamation Cisamarra had approached Hurmu to sponsor its application for membership into the Xäiville Convention. The Senate debated the request and decided, by acclamation, to sponsor the application, and directed its XC representative to inform the XC Council of the Senate's decision.
1707 14 14 Certification of the Senate election results Approved (17-0-1 The vote was preceded with an electoral report, which, in short, indicated that there had been no allegations of improper behaviour during the election.

Senate 1695–1701

Members

Portrait Name Birth Death Tenure Faction Comment
Hurmu coat of arms.png Anskar Isamma 1622 Vesüha 15.XII.1701 Vesüha (aged (79 AN years) 1695–1701 (6 AN years) Ayreonist
Hurmu coat of arms.png Ardashir Babakan-e Osman 1665 Raspur (aged 45) 1690– (20 years) Humanist
Hurmu coat of arms.png Catarina u-Kart 1650 Geneva, Alexandria (aged 60) 1690– (6 AN years) Ayreonist Resigned in 1696, replaced by Eliza Aabooð.
Daniyal al-Osman.png Daniyal al-Osman 1645 Trans-Elwynn (aged 83) 1690–1701 (11 AN years) Humanist Prime Minister of Hurmu 1690–
Hurmu coat of arms.png Eliza Aabooð 1632 Lakkvia (aged 78) 1696–1701 (14 years) Ayreonist Took office in 1696, replacing Catarina de Todos los Santos u-Kart who suddenly resigned].
Enkhjargal al-Osman.png Ghawetkiin Enkhjargal 1672 Ghawlama (aged 38) 1695–1701 (6 AN years) Humanist
Hurmu coat of arms.png Jan u-Samil Spiik 1645 Vesüha (aged 83) 1690–1701 (11 AN years) Traditionalist Prime Minister of Hurmu (1690)
KarelKyle03.jpg Karel des Vinandy 1676 's Koningenwaarde (aged 34) 1695–1701 (6 AN years) Conservative
Linaomiai.png Li Naomiai Avon-El 1627 Michaelion (aged 83) 1690–1701 (11 AN years) Traditionalist
Hurmu coat of arms.png Patrik Djupvik 1643 Shirekeep (aged 67) 1690–1701 (11 AN years years) Traditionalist
Hurmu coat of arms.png Smilla Eenpalu 1656(aged 54) 16.XII.1701–36.XV.1701 (92 days) Ayreonist Became Senator upon the death of Anskar Isamma, but will not remain a senator after the new Senate meets on 1.I.1702.

Committees

There are 4 committees in the Senate, each having 3 members. The Ayreonists and Conservatives are represented in 2 committees each, while the Traditionalists and Humanists in 4 committees each. The committees are for the Hurmu Peace Corps, diplomatic relations, protocol/Order of the Holy Lakes, and constitutional law.

Senatorial Committee for the Hurmu Peace Corps

Overseas defence, border control, security, matters related to the Hurmu Peace Corps, as well as the Green.

Members

Senatorial Committee for Diplomatic Relations

Overseas foreign affairs, in charge of embassies and legations abroad, multilateral and bilateral relations:

Members

Senatorial Committee for Protocol and Matters related to the Order of the Holy Lakes

In charge of relations with the Assembly, relations with the States and Districts, preparing elections, genealogy of the order, protocol in the Order and the Senate, bookkeeping of the Senate, and manages the civil service of the Order.

Members

Senatorial Committee for Constitutional Law and Justice

Prepares for when the Senate sits as the Supreme Court, scrutinises other parts of the Hurmu government, acts as public ombudsman

Members

Important matters

Year M D Item Outcome Comment
1695 10 20 Confirm Daniyal al-Osman to Prime Minister Confirmed. (6–2–1) Passed on party lines. Humanists and Traditionalists in favour, Ayreonists against. Karel des Vinandy abstained.
1695 14 24 Humanist proposal to dispatch seven hundred tonnes of humanitarian and medical aid, including donated blood plasma, to the Red Orchid Society in Elwynn, responding to the dire humanitarian situation there. Confirmed. (9-0-0) Immediately executed
1696 1 16 Constitutional amendment Confirmed. (9–0–0) Amendment establishes the division of states and districts, and recognises the states of Lontinien, Lake District and Rekozemlje. At the same time, Senate passes an annexation of land to bring to Rekozemlje, concluding Operation Bauk
1696 10 10 Open up borders for Krasnocorian refugees to settle in Rekozemlje Confirmed. (9–0–0) Passed by acclamation.
1696 15 24 Repatriation of SDF soldiers interned in Hurmu. The Second Elwynnese Civil War is ended, and SDF soldiers have requested to return "home" to Cimmeria and Raikoth. The government in Ardashirshahr has requested their repatriation to continental Elwynn to face trial. The question before the Senate was to send them to Cimmeria and Raikoth, where they would not face criminal charges. Confirmed. (9–0–0) Passed by acclamation, with the addendum that any remaining military equipment would be handed over the Hurmu Peace Corps prior to departure.
1697 2 16 * Hurmu abides by a one-Elwynn policy, whereby there is only one Elwynn.
* The government of Ardashirshahr, controlling the greater share of the Elwynnese population, has the most legitimate claim on the government of Elwynn.
* Thus Hurmu will only have official diplomatic relations with the government in Ardashirshahr.
* Relations with the authorities in Cimmeria and Raikoth will be informal and on authority (not government) level, and will relate only to trade and cultural exchanges.
Confirmed (5-4-0) Passed on faction lines (in favour: Humanists, Traditionalists; against: Ayreonists, Conservatives). The alternative line, proposed by the Conservatives, was that Hurmu would recognise neither government in Elwynn, and be neutral in that respect, only having informal relations, failed despite its obvious compromise nature. The Ayreonists had initially proposed to establish diplomatic relations with Free Elwynn, but this was also voted down by the Conservatives, Traditionalists, and Humanists.
1697 8 15 Constitutional amendment in summary: From the next election onwards, the Senate of the Lakes will consist of 18 senators, elected in the same way as in previous elections. The Senate will appoint, among its own members, a Chairman, to preside over the meetings. The Chairman shall not be granted any extra honours. The Senate will remain the collective head of state. The Chairman shall not be part of the foreign affairs committee. The Chairman shall not vote unless it is to break a tie Confirmed (6-0-3) Passed on faction lines (in favour: Ayreonists, Traditionalists, Conservatives; abstain: Humanists). Measure to be implemented for the next Senate.
1698 5 7 Resignation of Clara Sundara and Emperor Nathan II, along with their descendants deriving their membership only from those persons, from the Order. Discussed Since the matter was not a voting matter, but rather a notice, it was only discussed as it was sensitive and affected the future of the Order and the Senate greatly. The Senate has not yet been able to close this item, and it remains a standing point of (heated and angry) discussion among the Senators.
1698 8 6 East Barrow Appropriations Act 1698 Confirmed by acclamation Authorises the the Hurmu Peace Corps deployment in East Barrow to engage pirates and protect the legitimate interests of the Hurmu state in the vicinity of East Barrow. Furthermore, the Act directs public funding to the civilian authorities in East Barrow to manage the immigration situation.
1699 2 10 Warring Islands and Northern Bretland Act 1699 Confirmed by acclamation Annexes Norfolk and Sussax and incorporates these territories as the District of Northern Bretland, annexes also West Barrow and Great Warring Island and incorporates them, along with East Barrow Island, to the District of the Warring Islands, and other matters thereto connected.
1700 8 13 Holy Lakes Air Training Plan Act 1700 Passed (8-0-0, 1 absentee) Authorises the creation of a flight training programme charged increasing the number of civilian pilots available to the Hurmu Air Service, Hurmu Constabulary, and the Hurmu Peace Corps. In gratitude for the good faith shown in the adherence of Nouvelle Alexandrie to the Treaty of Ciudad Howard, the Holy Lakes Air Training Plan would also extend to applicants named by the Council of State. Aviation schools and their assets established under the programme would also be available to members of the Order of the Holy Lakes for the training of selected members of their retinues.

Senate 1690–1695

Senator List/Fraction Comment
Ardashir Babakan-e Osman Humanist
Catarina de Todos los Santos u-Kart Ayreonist
Daniyal al-Osman Humanist Prime Minister of Hurmu
Ellen Aarevalla Traditionalist Wife of Jan Spiik
Jamshid-e Osman Humanist
Jan Spiik Traditionalist Plenipotentiary of the Senate
former Prime Minister
Husband of Ellen Aarevalla
Li Naomiai Traditionalist
Pador u-Germask Ayreonist
Patrik Djupvik Traditionalist

Acts of the Senate

An act of the senate is any notable deed or decision it has performed, this includes significant policy decisions, the reception of foreign dignitaries, and the endorsement of bills and petitions received from the lower house of Parlerment.

Excerpt:

Date Received Type Subject Outcome of Deliberations Date Concluded
9.IV.1691 AN Treaty Ratification of the Treaty between Hurmu and Alduria-Wechua Concluded 10.IV.1691 AN
17.III.1691 AN Reception Accreditation Ceremony for the Ambassador of Çakaristan Concluded 17.III.1691 AN
22.II.1691 AN Treaty Ratification of the Treaty between Hurmu and New Batavia Concluded 22.II.1691 AN
22.XII.1690 AN Treaty Ratification of the Treaty between Hurmu and Çakaristan Concluded 8.XIII.1690 AN
20.VIII.1690 AN Requisition
  • A Requisition from the Minister for Police and Security:
    • Quantity 1,200 beaver-fur caps;
    • Quantity 1,200 waxed-denim single-breasted tunics (navy blue);
    • Quantity 2,400 leather riding boots (brown);
    • Quantity 2,400 woollen trousers (black);
    • Quantity 4,800 shirts (white);
    • Quantity 4,800 pairs of socks (black);
    • The services of ten tailors and their seamstress assistants for a period of two Norton years (renewable);
    • The services of one inspector of horses, one chief veterinarian, and twenty stable-hands for a period of two Norton years (renewable);
    • One sea-worthy trading barque and crew under a reliable captain;
    • Quantity 4,800 Amokolian horses;
    • Quantity 1,200 truncheons of the Elw type;
    • Quantity 1,200 police pattern cutlasses;
    • Quantity 1,200 M1689 service pistol (9×19mm);
    • Quantity 1,050 M1686 police rifle (7.62×67mmB);
    • Quantity 150 M1591(R) marksman rifle (7.62×67mmB);
    • A drawable line of credit for 74,520,000 Craitish Cräite to cover wages and expenses for one Norton year (renewable).
Approved 01.I.1691 AN
4.VI.1690 AN Reception Accreditation Ceremony for the Ambassador of Sanama Concluded 4.VI.1691 AN

Committees

The Senate has several committees of which constellations of two or more senators meet more regularly on specific matters.

Committee for Foreign Affairs

Committee for National Security

Committee for the Order of the Holy Lakes

List of Senators (current and former)

Portrait Name Birth Death Tenure Length of tenure Faction Comment
Hurmu coat of arms.png Aaden Allot 1568 1596 1589–1594 AN years
Hurmu coat of arms.png Aiomide Octavius 1553 Eliria 1608 Shirekeep (aged 55 AN years) 1583–1599 16 AN years House of Octavius
Aliande, Lady Laegel 1654 Erudition (aged 56) 1704– AN years Verionist Took on the seat upon her husband's murder on 9.VIII.1704.
Hurmu coat of arms.png Aldin Isammaður 1535 Lake Cashma 1652 Shirekeep (aged 117 AN years) 1551–1558, 1570–1574 11 AN years
House of Erling Crest.png Alfhildson Erling Normark deceased 1598–1599 AN year
Alissa Guadalim.png Alissa Guadalim 1661 (aged 49) 1702– AN years Humanist
Hurmu coat of arms.png Andreios Orion of Apollantis 1592 1522–1558 36 AN years
Hurmu coat of arms.png Anskar Isamma 1622 Vesüha 15.XII.1701 Vesüha (aged (79 AN years) 1695– 15 AN years Ayreonist
Hurmu coat of arms.png Aoife the Celt 1685 Stormark 1522–1558, 1570–1574 40 AN years House of Ettlingar Freyu
Hurmu coat of arms.png Ardashir Babakan-e Osman 1665 Raspur (aged 45) 1690– 20 AN years Humanist Prime Minister of Hurmu 1690–
Hurmu coat of arms.png Ardashir Khan Osmani Deceased 1522–1558 36 AN years
Aurangzeb Portrait.png Ardashir Piroz Aurangzeb al-Osmani-Steffki 1542 Eliria (Elwynn) 1609 Tasneemia (Natopia) (aged 67 AN years) 1582–1599 17 AN years
Hurmu coat of arms.png Asa Bloodhelm 1446 1546 Stormark (aged 100 AN years) 1522–1546 24 AN years House of Ettlingar Freyu
AIMV.png Áþamé Issèla Mari Vāstra 1529 Miše, Evari (Firnerámnen) (aged 181 AN years) 1598–1599 AN year
Hurmu coat of arms.png Bjarngeir Thorkelsson Nidaros-Volsdame 1614 1570–1574 AN years
Hurmu coat of arms.png Carol Umm Hypatia 1559 1522–1558  36 AN years)
Hurmu coat of arms.png Cashmaiel Andelarion 1472 Shahzamin 1550 Hurmu (aged 87 AN years) 1527–1550  32 AN years)
Hurmu coat of arms.png Catarina u-Kart 1650 Geneva, Alexandria (aged 60)) 1690–1696 AN years Ayreonist
Hurmu coat of arms.png Chaghagan Khoga 1624 (aged 86) 1702– AN years Humanist Khan of the White Band of the Eastern Ulus of the Silver Yak Horde
Hurmu coat of arms.png Chloe Bloodhelm-Haldarsvik 1474 1685 Stormark (aged 211 AN years) 1522–1558  36 AN years)
Hurmu coat of arms.png Chris Guilfoyle deceased 1595–1599  4 AN years)
Princedaniel.jpg Daniel Kalirion 1542 Nidaros 1586 Cape Farewell (Elwynn) (aged 44 AN years) 1570–1586  16 AN years)
Daniyal al-Osman.png Daniyal al-Osman 1645 (aged 83) 1690– 20 AN years Humanist
Hurmu coat of arms.png Eðvarð Danjalsson 1562 1602 (aged 32 AN years) 1599–1602  3 AN years)
Ayreon2.jpg Elijah Ayreon 1571 Huyenkula 1598 Mandible Hill (Walstadt) (aged 27 AN years) 1588–1598  10 AN years)
Hurmu coat of arms.png Eliza Aabooð 1632 Lakkvia (aged 78)) 1703– 7 Ayreonist Took office upon the death of Kir on 2.VII.1703. Senator also 1696–1701 (6 AN years), took office in 1696, replacing Catarina de Todos los Santos u-Kart who suddenly resigned].
Hurmu coat of arms.png Ellen Aarevalla 1650 Vesüha (aged 60) 1690–1695 AN years Traditionalist
Hurmu coat of arms.png Erik Tyve Andersen 1645 (aged 65) 1702– AN years Traditionalist
Enkhjargal al-Osman.png Ghawetkiin Enkhjargal 1672 Ghawlama (aged 38) 1695– 15 AN years Humanist
Cedris.jpg Giles Melang deceased 1594–1599  5 AN years)
Hurmu coat of arms.png Gregor Brasky-Cutting of Dentarg deceased 1589–1599  10 AN years)
Hurmu coat of arms.png Haakon Bjarnarson 1540 1602 (aged 62 AN years) 1599–1602  3 AN years)
Hurmu coat of arms.png Harald Freyjugjöf 1446 1685 Stormark (aged 239 AN years) 1522–1558, 1570–1574  40 AN years House of Ettlingar Freyu
Hurmu coat of arms.png Iain de Vembria 1410 1655 (aged 245 AN years) 1553–1558; 1574–1599   30 AN years
Hurmu coat of arms.png Ionel Constantinescu 1520 The Green 1602 (aged 82 AN years) 1548–1558  10 AN years)
Isorverion.png Isor Verion 1660 Cromswind 1704 Liderai (aged 44 AN years) 1702–1704 AN years Verionist
Hopsy.jpg Ivan Maksimilianov-Shvinnskiy 1667 Mudyy, Mishalan (aged 43 years) 1704– 6 Traditionalist
Jack Lewis.jpeg Jack Lewis 1554 1610 (aged 56 AN years) 1598–1599  1 AN year)
Hurmu coat of arms.png Jacob Kalir 1560 Eliria 1610 Hyperborea (aged 50 AN years) 1595–1599  4 AN years)
Loki III.jpg Jacobus Kahunamea Loki 1515 Lac Glacei Unknown 1574–1599  25 AN years)
Hurmu coat of arms.png Jamshid-e Osman 1665 Raspur (aged 45) 1702– AN years Humanist Senator also 1690–1695
Hurmu coat of arms.png Jan u-Samil Spiik 1645 Vesüha (aged 83) 1690– 20 AN years Traditionalist Prime Minister of Hurmu (1690)
Hurmu coat of arms.png Janek Tryggve 1668 (aged 42) 1702–1706 AN years Traditionalist
Hurmu coat of arms.png Jaya Prabhu 1676 (aged 34) 1702– AN years Conservative
Hurmu coat of arms.png Jean Beaumont deceased 1595–1599  4 AN years)
Hurmu coat of arms.png Jeremy Hart 1523 1522–1523  1 AN year)
Jessheymer.jpeg Jess Heymer 1506 Automatica 1623 Amokolian Kingdom (aged 117 AN years) 1595–1599  4 AN years)
Hurmu coat of arms.png Johanns fonn Klosso deceased 1522–1558  36 AN years)
Hurmu coat of arms.png Jorgen Jonas Windsor deceased 1593–1599 AN years
Hurmu coat of arms.png Kaare Stenbooð 1499 1602 (aged 103 AN years) 1599–1603 AN years
KarelKyle03.jpg Karel des Vinandy 1676 's Koningenwaarde (aged 34) 1695– 15 AN years Conservative
Hurmu coat of arms.png Kaspar Soleimân Ermo-ra-Araezelion 1561 Illumination 1589 Eliria (aged 28 AN years) 1584–1589 AN years
Hurmu coat of arms.png Katja Aareshem 1520 1603 (aged 83 AN years) 1599–1603 AN years
Kir Azariah Vidar.1688.png Kir Ayreon-Kalirion of Waffel-Paine 1667 Shirekeep 1667|1703}) 1702–1693 AN year Ayreonist
Hurmu coat of arms.png Monika Saajar 1673 Haraldsborg (aged 37 AN years) 1706– (4 AN years years) Traditionalist
Linaomiai.png Li Naomiai Avon-El 1627 Michaelion (aged 83) 1690– 20 AN years years) Traditionalist
Hurmu coat of arms.png Liv Mildedottar 1534 1603 (aged 69 AN years) 1599–1603 AN years
Hurmu coat of arms.png Llîriel Aureqoir deceased 1592–1599 AN years
Kaiser sehml.png Ludwig Drakire 1560 Lindström, Natopia 1617 Shirekeep (aged 57 AN years) 1589–1599 10 AN years
Hurmu coat of arms.png Lyudmila Eduardovna 1669 (aged 41) 1702– AN years Traditionalist
Hurmu coat of arms.png Malliki Tosha 1517 Mortis Mercatoria 1602 (aged 85 AN years) 1587–1599 12 AN years
NathanWPavatar.png Nathan Waffel-Paine 1455 Lindström (Natopia) 1589 (first time, aged 134 AN years); 1607 (final time, aged 152 AN years) 1574–1589 15 AN years
Hurmu coat of arms.png Netba u-Germask 1574 1680 (aged 106 AN years) 1599–1603 AN years
Hurmu coat of arms.png Oolav Haraldsnai 1574 1603 (aged 29 AN years) 1599–1603 AN years
75px Oroigawa Koreyasu 1502 1584 (aged 82 AN years) 1543–1558 15 AN years
Hurmu coat of arms.png Oroigawa Ōtori 1544 1620 (aged 76 AN years) 1595–1599 AN years
Hurmu coat of arms.png Patrick Montiaceae deceased 1589–1599 10 AN years
Hurmu coat of arms.png Pador u-Germask 1599 AN Lake Cashma 1696 AN (aged 97 AN years years) 1690–1695 AN years Ayreonist
Hurmu coat of arms.png Patrik Djupvik 1643 Shirekeep (aged 67) 1690– 20 AN years Traditionalist
Hurmu coat of arms.png Peter Kelly deceased 1595–1599 AN years
Hurmu coat of arms.png Polten of Yperpen deceased 1525–1558 33 AN years
Hurmu coat of arms.png R. Tyler-Alexander Aaron Asher-Jones deceased 1522–1558 36 AN years
Rashidayreon.jpg Rashid Arsalani Kalirion, Prince Andelarion 1450 1544 (aged 94 AN years) 1522–1544 22 AN years
Hurmu coat of arms.png Royston Merrick 1547 1604 (aged 57 AN years) 1599–1603 AN years
Hurmu coat of arms.png Saurabh Farrah 1680 (aged 30) 1702– AN years Conservative
Hurmu coat of arms.png Priya Sinha 1650 (aged 60) 1702– AN years Conservative
Hurmu coat of arms.png Silja Kambandaar 1520 1603 (aged 83 AN years) 1599–1603 AN years
Hurmu coat of arms.png Sindre Nemnai 1560 1603 (aged 43 AN years) 1599–1603 AN years
Hurmu coat of arms.png Smilla Eenpalu 1656 (aged 54) 1701–1701 0 AN years, 92 days Ayreonist Became Senator upon the death of Anskar Isamma, but did not remain a senator after the new Senate met on 1.I.1702.
Hurmu coat of arms.png Steka of Anun deceased 1595–1599 AN years
Hurmu coat of arms.png Tahmaseb Abakhtari deceased 1522–1558, 1570–1574 40 AN years
Hurmu coat of arms.png Talsin Baarrnan 1535 1602 (aged 67 AN years) 1548–1558 10 AN years
TarjeiEinhornsson.png Tarjei Einhornsson 1530 Normark 1598 Konungsheim (Normark) (aged 68 AN years) 1595–1598 AN years
Hurmu coat of arms.png Vilhelm Benkern deceased 1598–1599 AN year
Hurmu coat of arms.png Vilhelm Estridson Knytling deceased 1542–1558 16 AN years
Vilhjalm Kormak 1569 1652 (aged 93 AN years) 1599–1603 AN years
Hurmu coat of arms.png Yngvar av Helgahusinom 1489 1603 (aged 114 AN years) 1599–1603 AN years
Zandgozar.png Zand Gozar 1535 1598 (aged 63 AN years) 1590–1598 AN years