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Wechua Nation

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The Wechua Nation
Flag of Wechua
Flag
Coat of Arms of Wechua
Coat of Arms
Motto: Huñusqa Nasyunkuna (United Always)
Anthem:
Location of Wechua
Map versions Update 16.1.2 & after.
Capital Parap
Largest city Auquimarca, Rimarima.
Official language(s) Wechu (90%)

the Common Tongue (75%)
Alexandrian Fransch (15%).
Numbers do not round due to
large numbers of Wechua bilingual
speakers (Wechu & the Common Tongue).

Official religion(s)
Demonym Wechua
 - Adjective Wechua
Government Divine, Absolute Monarchy
 - Sapa Wechua Manco Cápac
 - Inkap Rantin Vicaquirao Alvarez
 - Legislature Council of the Realm
Establishment 7 January 2018
 - Ranked NA
Area
 - Ranked
Population 8,273,911
 - Active 1 active citizen
 - Ranked
Currency Sol
Abbreviation WEC
Time zone(s)
National website The Wechua Nation
National forum The Wechua Nation
National animal Llama
National food Native Potato
National drink Chicha
National tree Breadfruit Tree

The Wechua Nation (Wechu: Tawantinsuyu, lit. "The Four Regions"), is a landlocked nation in central Keltia composed of the Keltian native Wechua people. Its administrative and political center is located in the city of Parap. The Wechua Nation arose from the highlands of Central Keltia, namely the Mount Lacara area. The largest city and principal industrial center is Rimarima, located in a mostly flat region in the south of the country. The city of

The Wechua Nation is a constitutionally unitary state, divided into four regions. Its geography varies from the mountainous center (characterized by Mount Lacara), to the Southern Lowlands. It is bordered completely by the Keltian Green after its largest neighbor, Caputia, collapsed to the dreaded White Plague. The White Plague also struck the Wechua Nation, leading to a period of mass socioeconomic and political upheaval called the Wechua Sorrow, which saw the nation descend into state failure.

The country's population, estimated at 8,273,911 in 1673 AN, is multiethnic, including the native and predominant Wechua, Caputians, Alexandrians, and other small native Keltian population groups. The racial and social segregation that arose from the institutionalization of Wechua supremacy over the last 200 years of Wechua history has continued to the modern era, fostering social unrest and conflict within the country.

The Wechua Nation is a member of the Raspur Pact and it is considered a developing country. In 1673, the government-in-exile led by Sapa Wechua Manco Capac based out of Nivardom, Constancia re-established the Wechua Nation, imposed order and governance on the country once again. Called by the Wechua clergy and historians as "the Restoration", the return of Manco Cápac was a welcome moment of national resurgence and resiliency.

The Wechua Nation has a poverty level of 48.6%. Years of civil war, famine, and disease destroyed parts of the basic infrastructure and the roads that previous Wechua Kings had built and maintained. Its main economic activities include agriculture, forestry, mining, and manufacturing goods such as textiles and clothing. The Wechua Nation is rich in natural gas and marble.

Etymology

The Wechua name for the country is Tawantinsuyu, which means “the four suyu”. In Wechua, tawa is four and -ntin is a suffix that names a group, so that tawantin is a quartet, a group of four things taken together, in this case representing the four main regions of the country.

The four suyu are:

  • Chinchaysuyu (the north, based in the holy city of Taulliraju),
  • Antisuyu (east, based in Aquimarca),
  • Qullasuyu (south, based in the city of Rimarima),
  • and Kuntisuyu (west, based in Parap).

The term Wechua means “People of the Llamas” in the Wechu language. Originally, the term referred to the ruling class of the country, but as time passed, it became a way to refer to the people of the Tawantinsuyu as a whole.

History

Main article: History of the Wechua Nation

The Wechua nation is one of the oldest nations in the continent of Keltia. It has lived around Mount Lacara for centuries, creating their civilization in its altitudes. It is deemed by most Keltian history scholars to be among the most indigenous people of the continent.

The current Wechua nation was preceded by centuries of domination under several powers and then a period of state failure in the Keltian Green. The first inception of the Wechua nation was quickly engulfed by the more advanced Atteran Empire. The Atteran Empire quickly seized control of vast swathes of central Keltia.

To submit the Wechua to their control, the Atteran Empire engaged in a mass shipment of Wechua people to western Keltia. This created what is known in Wechua culture as the "Western Keltian Graft", a largely nomadic society that moved often around the Green in western Keltia before they were integrated in the Vanderveer Reich. These Wechuans held on to basic tenets of the original Wechua culture but largely have developed their own version of the language, called Coastal Wechu.

The Wechua nation has survived harsh conditions and circumstances aided by the conditions that allowed the creation of various foods, mainly the staple food called chuño. The llama became the prevailing pack animal for the Wechua people and can be found in their largest numbers around Mount Lacara. Agricultural innovations in a difficult environment and the level of organization and management by its early governments ensured the continued development and growth of the Wechua people for centuries.

The Wechua are unique in that their ancient ancestors lacked many features associated with many of the civilizations of Micras. Ancient Wechua lacked the use of wheeled vehicles, animals that could pull wagons and plows, lacked knowledge of iron and steel and most remarkably, a system of writing. Despite these perceived handicaps, the Wechua built a society and a culture that led to the creation of the current sovereign and independent Wechua state around Mount Lacara for the first time in the history of the Wechua people.

The Wechua people are noted for their monumental architecture, especially the construction of an extensive Wechua road network reaching western Keltia that is also in use in Caputia, as its key artery, the Via Wechua, crosses through most of that nation, reaching Zalae via the Old Zalae Bridge and continuing into Western Keltia through the Lewis Bridge into Hamland. They are also known for their ancient aqueduct projects in San Luis that still supply water to southern regions of the country. They are also known for their finely-woven textiles and the traditional use of knotted strings called quipu for record keeping and communication.

Later civilizations that came to dominate the Wechua, according to MCS map archives, are many, among them were the Federal Free Republic, Aerlig and later the Grand Commonwealth, and the ancient Madlandians who eventually migrated to Cibola and founded Alexandria.

The operational aspect of the early Wechua nation rested upon the tools of assimilation of nobility and the perpetuation of parochial differences. The formal education in Parap of the children of noble families from recently acquired territories disseminated fluency in Wechua, national law, and bureaucratic practices. Families which previously held political position were integrated into the Wechua bureaucracy, and traditional tribal areas of settlement integrated as provinces, their pre-conquest boundaries typically intact. The continuation of provincial dress was encouraged, serving the function of a social marker. Forcibly resettled populations were likewise not encouraged to assimilate into neighboring, indigenous populations.

The War of Four Sapas

Main article: The War of the Four Sapas

The War of the Four Sapas was a civil war in the Wechua nation that lasted for 11 years. The war was waged between the four sons of the late Wechuan ruler Sapa Wechua Inca Roca for the Wechuan throne. The war devastated the country and reached a bloody stalemate in its fifth year, where the evenly matched strengths of four brothers saw each one of them installed in the throne as Sapa, only for another to rise and overthrow the other in a year or two.

To end the war, the last two surviving brothers surrendered their claims to the Wechuan throne and submitted it for the election of the Wechuan people. This was the beginning of an organic concept among the Wechua Nation of democracy.

The Wechu Border Wars

Main article: Wechu Border Wars

The Wechu Border Wars were a series of military operations conducted by the military of the Wechua Nation to secure its borders on the onslaught of nomadic tribes of the central Keltian Green. This included campaign against the Commonwealth of Hamland for the security of its western borders, and a campaign to defend the east from waves of Qeyteraran mercenaries.

The Hammish Civil War

Main article: Hammish Civil War

The Wechua nation, under the leadership of one of its most beloved leaders, Sapa Wechua Atahualpa, sought to provide support to the nascent government of Interim Prime Minister Donat Ravaillac. After the assassination of Donat Ravaillac and the flight of Regina Ravaillac to Monovia, the policy was changed to provide support to the Ravaillac Loyalists and the National Salvation Front.

As Pallisican support of the National Salvation Front grew and many of Caputia's labor unions began to rally support around the National Salvation Front, the Wechua government's support switched to favoring groups like the Ravaillac Loyalists, the Israat Loyalists, and the United Monovia Congress.

The Reign of Manco Cápac

After the death of the beloved Atahualpa, a council of nobles and community leaders met in Huichajanca and elected his 25 year old grandson, Manco Cápac as the new Sapa Wechua.

Before the succession of Manco Cápac, next to the Sapa Wechua was the High Priest of the Sun, who more or less due to his oversight and control over the large religious land patrimony in the country was the second in command. Manco Cápac immediately moved to reform the organization of the government and named an Inkap Rantin, or a Chief Minister, to help lead the Wechua government. A Cabinet divided among several Ministries was created and Ministers were appointed to serve the Sapa Wechua, with the Inkap Ratin leading the Cabinet.

It was under the direction of Inkap Ratin Kayara Mayhuasca Soncco that the Wechua Nation officially set its claims and earned international recognition. As Caputia retreated from some of its territory, the Wechua Nation expanded into the Franja Transversal del Oeste to ensure security and order in the Green between Caputia and the Wechua nation. It is currently governed directly by the Wechuan military on behalf of the Sapa Wechua.

While maintaining the divine right claim of the Sapa Wechua to the Throne of the Sun and the Capac family status as a "holy and royal family, descendants of Inti", constitutional reforms were enacted that created a legislature called the Council of the Realm composed of nobles and commoners: a noble and a commoner from the city of Rimarima; a noble and a commoner from the city of Parap; two nobles and two commoners from each of the four regions.

Wechua Spring

Main article: Wechua Spring

The Wechua Spring began in 1661 as a wave of both violent and non-violent demonstrations, protests, and riots in the cities of Apurimaq and Rimarima. These protests had as their root causes high unemployment, high food and fuel prices, and growing dissatisfaction with the Government of Inkap Ratin Kayara Mayhuasca Soncco. Violent clashes between protesters and government forces in Apurimaq and Rimarima triggered larger demonstrations in other cities like Parap, Auquimarca, and Huichajanca.

With overwhelming support from the Raspur Pact, government forces were eventually triumphant over guerilla forces and radicalized protesters. The Wechua Peace Accords set a national standard for national reconciliation, and led to a new Constitution that enacted several institutional reforms that liberalized the government as part of a comprehensive peace and political settlement in 1666.

Counterrevolution and White Plague

Main article: Wechua Sorrow
Main article: White Plague

Wechua Exodus

Main article: Wechu Exodus

Following the onset of the White Plague and the collapse of the Wechua nation, the surviving members of the Tawantinsuyu placed themselves at the disposal of the Sacrifices of Butauros, the anti-Bassarid resistance network maintained by the Raspur Pact from bases in Normark. The first task of the new alliance was to lead to the coast those Wechua who wished to escape the persistent pressure of Bassaridic expansionism and emigrate to Natopian Tapfer or Constancian Eura.

Restoration

  • Wechua Spring
  • Results and aftermath of the Wechua Spring
  • The Counterrevolution, rival claimant, claim that Capac has lost "divine favor"
  • Collapse of Caputia, White Plague marches through the country
  • Capac is ousted by the Counterrevolution, government-in-exile formed in Nivardom, Constancia
  • Wechua Exodus
  • Counterrevolution causes protracted lack of a permanent central authority as factions within it begin to fight each other, Wechua begins to be characterized as a "failed state", warlordism
  • Renewed support from the Raspur Pact for the Government-in-exile leads to the re-formation/re-group of the Wechu armed forces, full assault against the Counterrevolution begins, encouraged by uprisings in the old Wechu cities, rise of the popular pro-Capac Mama Llaqta (Mother Nation) movement, siege of Parap.
  • Restoration and re-establishment of the Wechua Nation, Parap falls to government forces, the Transitional National Government is formed by Manco Cápac.
  • Reconsecration of Manco Cápac, establishment of the new Wechua Nation, declare the "Rebirth Era".

Geography

Geology

Climate

The Green

Government and Politics

Main article: Government of the Wechua Nation

The Royal Standard of the Sapa Wechua.

The Wechua Nation is a unitary state, with a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy. The King of the Wechua Nation, also known as the Sapa Wechua, is the monarch and the head of state. The Sapa Wechua is considered by Wechua tradition to be the designated of the Sun God Inti to rule the Wechua Nation. The throne is confined upon the heirs, successors, and designates of the current Sapa Wechua Manco Cápac.

It is administratively subdivided into four Suyu, or Regions, that are established in the Constitution. These are:

  • Rimarima;
  • Parap;
  • Taulliraju;
  • Kuntisuyu.
The Regions (Suyu) of the Wechua Nation
Name of Region (Suyu) Map Capital Governor Seal Population
Chinchaysuyu Taulliraju Jose "Pancho" Villaverde Chinchaysuyu.png
Antisuyu Aquimarca Amaru Quelka Allccarima Antisuyu.png
Qullasuyu Rimarima Yuraq Cahua Qullasuyu.png
Kuntisuyu Parap Nina Caipa Pinchi Kuntisuyu.png
Formerly Occupied Territories
Franja Transversal del Oeste FTOFlag.png

The Sapa Wechua appoints a Prime Minister, also known as the Inkap Ratin, to serve as the head of government. The Sapa Wechua also appoints Ministers of Government to advise him in all affairs of State and serve with the Inkap Ratin. These appointments are made in consultation and advice of the Inkap Ratin.

The legislature of the Wechua Nation is the Council of the Wechua Nation. Members of the Council of the Wechua Nation are called Royal Councillors and are popularly elected. They are also allowed to serve consecutive terms. There are 301 Royal Councillors.

The judiciary is nominally independent, though political intervention into judicial matters has been common throughout Wechua history and arguably continues in the modern day. The highest judicial organ of the Wechua Nation is the High Court of Justice of the Wechua Nation.

Voting is compulsory for all citizens aged 17 to 70. Political parties were forbidden until the Restoration. The previously established political clubs and pressure groups were courted to join the efforts of nascent democratic parties as the nation became more politically organized after the return of Manco Cápac.

Political Parties

Political Clubs and Pressure Groups

Main article: Political Clubs and Pressure Groups of the Wechua Nation

  • Liberal Club
  • Inti's Union of Faithful
  • Social Democratic Club
  • National & Humanist Club
  • National Teacher's Union
  • Conservative Club
  • National Business Chamber
  • Mining Union
  • Guild of Building Trades

Foreign relations

Main article: Foreign Relations of the Wechua Nation.

Prior to the fall of Caputia, Wechua foreign relations were dominated by the important relationship with neighboring Caputia.

After losing access to the coast with the fall of Caputia, the Wechua Nation has extended, as a state policy, a claim to parts of former Caputia and the Green that would provide the Wechua Nation with reliable access to the sea.

Military and law enforcement

Main article: Military of the Wechua Nation.

The Wechuan Armed Forces are the military services of the Wechua Nation, comprising independent Army, Navy and Air Force components. Their primary mission is to safeguard the independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity of the country. As a secondary mission they participate in economic and social development as well as in civil defense tasks. The armed forces are subordinate to the Ministry of Defense and to the Sapa Wechua as Commander-in-Chief.

Despite being landlocked, the Wechua Nation has aspirations towards establishing a permanent naval presence. To this end it has an agreement with Caputia for naval access at the port of San Francisco. They had a small naval base east of the city that housed eight patrol vessels and three submarines, until these were seized by the government of Royston Merrick during the Wechua Spring. The Wechua have since received custodianship of an ancient Shirerithian diesel submarine as a piece of military aid from the Imperial Republic given under the auspices of the Raspur Pact. A technical mission has been sent to the MoMA Station Sabatini, as of 1666, to take possession of the vessel.

The National Police of Wechua is often classified as a part of the armed forces. Although in fact it has a different organization and a wholly civil mission, its training and activities as an anti-terrorist force have produced markedly military characteristics, giving it the appearance of a virtual fourth military service with significant land, sea and air capabilities. The National Police reports through the Ministry of Interior.

The Department of State Security serves as the Wechua secret police. Its stated purpose is to guarantee the safety of the Wechua Nation against both internal and external enemies. It maintains a vast network of citizens turned informants, and fights opposition by overt and covert measures, including hidden psychological destruction of dissidents. Its Directorate for Reconnaissance is responsible for both espionage and for conducting covert operations in the Keltian Green, and possibly in foreign nations. Its Main Department for Communications Security and Personnel Protection provides personal security for the Sapa Wechua, the Inkap Ratin and members of the Council of the Realm, and maintains and operates an internal secure communications system for the Wechuan Government.

Economy

Main article: Economy of the Wechua Nation

The Wechua Nation employs central planning, although it still has a substantial internal market economy. Its main trade partners are Caputia, Shireroth, Natopia, the Kingdom of Coria, Senya and Xang Muang. Its currency is called the Sol ($).

While there is a substantial trading and merchant class, most households outside of the large cities live in a traditional economy. Households are required to pay taxes, which can be paid with currency (usually in Sols or Laurels), or in the form of the mit'a (mandatory public service in the society of the Wechua Nation) corvée labor, military obligations, or though barter.

In return, the state provides security, food in times of hardship through the supply of emergency resources, large civil work projects and agricultural projects (e.g. aqueducts and terraces) to increase productivity,and occasional feasts. The economy rested on the material foundations of the vertical archipelago, a system of ecological complementarity in accessing resources and the cultural foundation of ayni, the native agricultural economic model of accessing and distributing resources.

The government administers a large network of qullqas, Wechua for storehouses, a large network of storage buildings found along roads and near the cities and political centers. It is policy of the Wechua Nation to store food and other commodities which could be distributed to their armies, officials, conscripted laborers, and, in times of need, to the populace. The uncertainty of agriculture at the high altitudes which comprises most of the country was among the factors which probably stimulated the construction of large numbers of qullqas.

National economic policy has varied widely over the past decades. At the beginning of the reign of Sapa Wechua Ayhuasca, a series of radical reforms were introduced, which included agrarian reforms, the expropriation of some foreign companies, and a large expansion of the already large state-owned sector. Some of these reforms were not changed until the first days of Inkap Ratin Kayara Mayhuasca Soncco's liberalizing Government. He moved to end price controls, protectionism, and most restrictions on foreign direct investment. Other economic reforms like low corporate taxes and a slightly more relaxed regulatory structure have permitted sustained economic growth in the country.

Services account for 53% of the Wechuan gross domestic product, followed by manufacturing (22.3%), extractive industries (15%), and taxes (9.7%). Recent economic growth has been fueled by macroeconomic stability, improved terms of trade, and rising investment and consumption. Trade is expected to increase further after the implementation of several trade agreements with Caputia, Shireroth, and Natopia.

The Wechua Nation's main exports are marble, foodstuffs, natural gas, and textiles.

Infrastructure

The Qhapaq Ñan were the Royal Roads built by previous Sapa Wechuas. Its principal uses were for nobility to spread information and expand the Realm, but was also for soldiers, for transportation of goods, and for private usage. Not only are the Wechuan roads expansive, but are also well planned and maintained, helpd to a common national standard design for the roads throughout the country.

Lodges for travelers have risen all along the road system. Rest stops called tambos were built close to roads with water supplies so that travelers and messengers could have a place to rest and clean water to drink. Military store houses were also built near the roads and kept food for when troops were traveling. Bridges were built across rivers, with markers all over the road system to distinguish different sections of the roads.

Air Transport

The General Directorate of Civil Aeronautics administers a civil aeronautics school called the National Institute of Civil Aeronautics, and two commercial air transport services call Wechua Air and WechuTrans.

WechuTrans (the Wechuan Military Airline) is an airline based in Parap, Wechua. It is the civilian wing of the Wechua Air Force, operating passenger services to remote towns and communities in Wechua.

Wechua Air is the civilian flag carrier of the country and flies to Xang Khong (Xang Muang), Elijah's Rest (Natopia), Nijima (Hoenn), Nivardom (Constancia), and Mercury (Mercury). It is also a a civil transport airline, originally created as a subsidiary company of WechuTrans. Its inventory includes a fleet of Hercules C130 aircraft.

In 1673, Wechua Air announced the construction of a regional hub in Nivardom, Constancia. From there, the airline will be able to establish flights to Alduria and Natopia.

The two largest international airports in the Wechua Nation are Parap International Airport and Rimarima International Airport. Rimarima is the largest airport out of the two.

Railways

The Wechua Nation possesses an extensive but aged rail system, all in 1,435 mm gauge (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in), consisting of two interconnected national networks.

Technology

The Wechua Nation owns a communications satellite which was offshored/outsourced and launched by the Commonwealth of Hamland (now Caputia) named WechuSat 1. Electrical power advancements include a planned $300 million nuclear reactor developed by the state-owned Electricity of Wechua.

Water supply and sanitation

The water and sanitation sector in the Wechua Nation has made important advances in the last two decades, including the increase of water coverage from 30% to 80%. Sanitation coverage has also increased from 9% to 50% in rural areas. Advances have also been achieved concerning the disinfection of drinking water and in sewage treatment. Nevertheless, many challenges remain, such as:

  • Insufficient service coverage;
  • Poor service quality which puts the population’s health at risk;
  • Deficient sustainability of built systems;
  • Tariffs that do not cover the investment and operational costs, as well as the maintenance of services.

Demographics

The City of Parap, Wechua.

The Wechua nation has a population of 8,273,911 inhabitants. Its demographic growth rate declined precipitously from 3.6% in 1664 to 1.2% in 1673. During that time, the nation was struck by the White Plague and a series of civil wars stemming from the end of the Wechua Spring and the ensuing political settlement.

The stress of the vicious civil war further allowed the White Plague to advance and claim the lives of millions of Wechuan citizens.

As of 1657, 65% lived in urban areas and 35% in rural areas. Major cities include the Parap Metropolitan Area (home to 1 million people), Auquimarca and Rimarima; both which reported more than 250,000 inhabitants in the last census (1657).

Language

The Wechua Nation's official languages are Wechu and the Common Tongue, with other languages in areas where they predominate. Wechu is spoken by 90% of the population and the Common Tongue by 75% of the country. Other languages like Alexandrian Fransch, Alexandrian Martino, and Coastal Wechu (Aymara) are spoken by smaller groups.

Religion

Main article: Faith of Inti.

A visual representation of The God Inti.

75% of the population over 12 years old described themselves as Intians (followers of the Faith of Inti), 15% as Melusinian, 5% as members of the Church of Alexandria, and 5.8% to others or non-religious. The majority of towns, cities and villages have their own official patron deity.

Rimarima has the Melusinian Cathedral of Rimarima and the Church of Our Lady of the Mountains for the Church of Alexandria. Caputian and Alexandrian religious traditions also play a major role in the beliefs of many Wechuas. Some religious festivities and celebrations like Corpus Christi, holy week, the Birth of Melusine, and Christmas sometimes blend with native traditions.

Inti Raymi, which is an ancient festival honoring the God Inti, is still celebrated throughout the country and is considered the national festival. Great dances and processions are organized in every town and city of the Realm and they start a pilgrimage to the Holy City of Huichajanca for the yearly national Inti Raymi.

While the official religion of the Wechua State is the Faith of Inti, there is freedom of religion guaranteed by the Wechua Constitution of 1663. The Wechua Nation, however, requires that all religions must register with the state to obtain a license of practice. Once a license of practice is obtained from the state, the church organization becomes tax exempt, except for a single 4% tax on all church income to help fund national welfare programs and unemployment aid to Wechua citizens.

Ethnic Groups

Ethnic groups in the Wechua Nation (1657 AN)
Ethnicity Population Size Percentage
Wechua 4,173,288 80.10%
Caputian (inc.
Haifan.)
875,321 16.80%
Alexandrian 119,822 2.30%
Natopian 28,421 0.55%
Other 13,348 0.26%
Total 5,210,200 100%

Culture

Wechuan culture is primarily rooted in Wechua and Caputian traditions, though it has also been influenced by other ethnic groups. Its artistic traditions date back to the elaborate pottery, textiles, jewelry, and sculpture of pre-Wechua cultures. The people of the Wechua Nation have maintained these crafts and made great architectural achievements.

Wechuan literature is rooted in the oral traditions of pre-Wechua civilizations. Many of the myths and beliefs of the Faith of Inti started through the oral traditions of these pre-Wechua cultures that lives around Mount Lacara. In pre-Wechuan times, musical expressions varied widely in each region, and they have greatly influenced modern Wechuan music.

Wechuan cuisine blends the native Wechua traditions with Caputian food. It also contains influences from Alexandrian cooking. The varied climate allows the growth of diverse plants and animals good for cooking:

  • potatoes
  • maize
  • rice
  • asparagus
  • coffee
  • quinoa

Wechua culture places great emphasis on community and mutual help (ayni). The social system is based on reciprocity: you help your neighbors, they do something for you in return. Some Wechua communities were well enough organized that the guerrillas during the Wechua Spring could make little headway among them. This is part of the political culture of the Realm.

Education

Literacy was estimated at 92.9%; this rate is lower in rural areas (80.3%) than in urban areas (96.3%).

Primary and secondary education are compulsory and free in state-run public schools. Teachers are organized in a single National Teacher's Union (NTU), which is one of the most powerful political pressure groups in the country.

There are two higher-education institutions: the state-run National University at Parap, and the privately-owned University of Rimarima. The National University maintains campuses in Zalae and Aquimarca.

The Faith of Inti maintains a large and prestigious religious college in the holy city of Huichajanca. The largest vocational school in the country is government-owned, called the National Trades College.

Higher Education Institutions:

  • National University (Parap, Aquimarca, Zalae);
  • University of Rimarima (Rimarima);
  • National Trades College (Parap, Aquimarca, Rimarima);
  • Most Holy College of Inti (Huichajanca).

The Wechua Nation grants students that have been citizens of the country for at least 16 years a National Student Grant that tends to cover most of the expenses of a four year college education at a nationally-owned University. The standard grant covers tuition, room and board and a limited amount of basic student expenses such as supplies and money for public transportation.

See Also