Capital punishment laws by nation

From MicrasWiki
Jump to navigationJump to search

Capital punishment, also known as the death penalty or execution, is a practice which is intended to kill a person as punishment for crimes they have committed. It is mostly carried out for the most egregious offenses such as murder and treason, though laws vary by country historically. Common methods include death by firing squad, lethal injection, stoning, and the electric chair. In the modern world, while capital punishment remains more commonplace and accepted than in other co-resonant realms, some national governments now view these practices as inhumane, and not entirely insignificant number of nations have gone so far as to severely limited the extent of the death penalty or outlawed it altogether.

Summary of legality by nation

Nation Legality Total executed
(on average
or in a
specified year)
Murder Treason Espionage Rape Child sexual abuse Drug trafficking Grand larceny Petty crimes Notes
Aerla Aerla Legal Classified Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No The death penalty is dealt on a case-by-case basis. Those who are deemed guilty by insanity are reprimanded to mental institutions.
Çakaristan Çakaristan Legal unknown Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No
Calbion Calbion Illegal in peacetime 25 Yes Yes Yes No No No No No Calbion has the option of the death penalty during times of war. The original legal system of Calbion did not provide for the death penalty, but the war provision was included during the Calbain Independence War, when Jingdaoese envoy de Saks, as well as several Tegong members were sentenced to death by a civil court. Of the 25 executed under Calbain law, 20 were as a result of the independence war, and the other was a Natopian spy who was executed for espionage after the Penguin Island campaign during the War of Jingdaoese Immolation. On XIV.1693, four suspected members of the ESB Cossack group were executed by Firing Squad for the murder of Ryan Badstuber, marking the first execution in 45 years.
Constancia Constancia Legal Estimates vary Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes In the Imperial State of Constancia, justice is swift and sure, whether officially or unofficially.
Elluenuueq Elluenuueq Mandated by Authority 230,000+ (1693 AN) Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Constitutional protections suspended in consequence of the rebellion which precipitated the Second Elwynnese Civil War. The rule of law replaced by scalable hierarchies of obedience. All forms of disobedience and rebellion, including criminality, may be punished with death if deemed appropriate by the Court of the Princess, a military tribunal, or local authorities.
Floria Floria legal 150 Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes No No
Hurmu Hurmu Illegal 0 No No No No No No No No
Imperial Trade Union Imperial Trade Union Legal 292 No Yes Yes No No No Yes No The death penalty in the Bassarids is employed almost exclusively in the case of public officials who found guilty of crimes which may subvert or de-stabilize the state, undermine the nation's markets, or deprive citizens of their right to benefit equitably from trade.
Kalgachia Kalgachia Legal classified Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Kalgachi legal proceedings are based more on precedent, official discretion and parochial variation than on adherence to rigid codes, thus the conditions for a death sentence vary widely by case and jurisdiction. Criminal proceedings for a given offence traditionally serve as a pretext for a wider assessment of the offender's character and societal harm; first-time offenders with good references are therefore shown leniency whilst persistent recidivists can (and do) receive the death penalty for the smallest of infractions if it completes a picture of their unreformable character.
Mercury Mercury Illegal N/A No No No No No No No No Capital punishment is specificially prohibited under Article 19 of the Constitution of Mercury.
Meckelnburgh Meckelnburgh Illegal N/A No No No No No No No No Capital punishment has never been legal under Meckelnburghish law. Its use also violates the tenants of the established Church of Meckelnburgh.
Natopia Natopia Legal 2 Yes* No No No No No No No Only regicide is currently punishable by death. There have been two executions carried out in Natopia's history, both for treason, using the cheeto-tot public execution method.
Ralgon Ralgon Legal Undisclosed Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Petty crimes are not punishable by death. However, if an individual is particular ill-behaved, they are drafted into the army and consistently placed at the front until either a full tour has passed or (more likely) they have given their life in the country and thus redeemed their honor. Executions also happen when a duly convicted criminal is considered to be more trouble alive than dead, or deemed entirely belligerent on the subject of performing either military service or hard labor in service to the community to compensate for their crimes.

Mentally disabled people are only executed when they are found to be guilty of especially grave crimes such as murder or rape. When such situations arise, executions are done in private and with the most humane methods available. In all other situations where labor and transport to the front lines are not either possible or acceptable, every execution is performed ad gladium at the soonest possible time.

Sanama Sanama Illegal N/A No No No No No No No No Capital punishment again banned in the constitution of the Second Republic.
Senya Senya Legal 6 Possible Possible No Possible Possible Possible No Possible Whilst Senyan law has provisions for the death penalty, it is rarely used. No crime is directly punishable by the death penalty, though serious crimes (such as terrorism, murder, rape, child sexual abuse and crimes against the society) can warrant the death penalty under the following conditions;
  • The prisoner requests execution
  • The prisoner has completed 21 years in prison but has shown no remorse or behavioural improvement and is seen as being a risk to the public if released
  • The prisoner has re-offended

Interestingly, Senya does not have life imprisonment, the maximum sentence is 21 years. Before a prisoner can be executed, there can be no serious doubts that the prisoner is actually not guilty.

Shireroth Shireroth Legal Unknown Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes In Shirerithian law, any crime can be punished by the death penalty if a court finds it the most suitable option based on precedence. In practice, the death penalty is only used when all other methods (such as house arrest, incarceration, reeducation, indentured servitude, voluntary organ donation, voluntary euthanasia) have failed or are unavailable. Most persons who are subjected to the death penalty are indentured servants who have committed violent crimes where the death penalty is considered a proportional response by the court. Death penalty is only extremely rarely used on persons of noble dignity and using it on such persons requires the consent of the Adelsraad (which may be appealed to the Landsraad), and, for members of the peerage, the consent of the Kaiseress is necessary.
South Sea Islands South Sea Islands Illegal N/A No No No No No No No No Capital punishment is considered to be contrary to Article Three of the Human Rights Act (South Sea Islands).
Hexarchy Hexarchy Illegal None No No No No No No No No Execution for any crime by the hand of one's own kind (or any other sentient being) is patently and categorically illegal in The Hexarchy. Prisoners deserving of death are instead usually sentenced to life on the prison farms south of Elam's largest settlements, so that the condemned may pay their debt to society.

Those deemed too dangerous to be kept alive for long are sent into the most hostile portions of Ereshkigal Forest and monitored until their inevitable death at the hands of either the native fauna or imported creatures such as the imported valleytigers from Jingdao.

Unified Governorates Unified Governorates Legal 47
(1686 AN)
Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes The Unified Governorates followed, for the most part, a modified version of inherited Shirerithian criminal law. The most notable difference is however is that emancipation has removed most categories of subject persons upon whom the previous judicial order might have liberally bestowed the supreme sanction. In practice, while the death penalty is still given, for the majority of convictions where the black cap is donned the sentence is usually commuted to one of a mandated period of indentured servitude with the Biological Remediation Service, combating the legacy of Deep Singers biomancy, such as the dreaded Tyrannocricetus aliger. Those who survive a five year tour with the BRS can usually be expected to live out the remainder of their lives in the comparative comfort of a reformatory run by the Reeducation & Rehabilitation. This comparative leniency, as will be noted, does not apply to so-called political crimes such as treason, espionage, sedition, or the propagation of forbidden doctrines.

Methods of capital punishment by nation

For those nations in which capital punishment is legal, a variety of methods are practiced. The following is a summary table of the practices which those nations use.

Nation Lethal injection Gas inhalation or asphyxiation Firing squad Electric chair Hanging Stoning Beheading Other Notes
Aerla Aerla No No Yes No No No No No Via National Assembly rulings, a six-man firing squad is the only approved method of execution.
Çakaristan Çakaristan Yes No Yes Yes Yes No No No -
Calbion Calbion No No Yes No Yes No No No
Constancia Constancia Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Usually dependent on the whim of the Court, or the prevailing public mood. The Leap of Faith, where tied and gagged prisoners are pushed off a helicopter or airplane, is also proving popular. The Wheel of Misfortune was introduced in 1693 AN.
Floria Floria Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No Just like inmates are free to choose their last meal before execution, inmates have the choice of method of execution with the injection being the most popular way out.
Imperial Trade Union Imperial Trade Union No Yes Yes No Yes No Yes No Bassarid judges are permitted to authorize a range of styles of execution on the basis of their own discretion, with limited restrictions.
Kalgachia Kalgachia No No Yes No Yes No No No Ketherist teachings hold that the celestial forces of evil obtain equal power from all human suffering (the nectar of the archons) whether it be of their agents or adversaries. To deny them this sustenance, execution methods are required to be swift and efficient; long-drop hanging is preferred although firearms are used in more summary proceedings.
Natopia Natopia No No No No No No No Yes The cheeto-tot execution method slowly drops snack foods onto the convict until crushed or suffocated.
Ralgon Ralgon No No No No No No No Yes If a condemned criminal is deemed unworthy of a soldier's death at the front lines, or is deemed too dangerous to serve a life sentence elsewhere, the condemned is always executed ad gladium in the next games. The cause of death almost always varies; sometimes, death is by combat with another person, and at others the cause is something more sinister planned by the gladiatorial game makers. In very rare cases, a condemned person may regain their honor (and thus their freedom) in the arena... if they last long enough.
Sanama Sanama No No No No No No No No When the military junta took power they suspended the federal constitution and laws, bringing Sanama back to the laws that applied before independence. While there was no ban against other forms of execution in Shirerithian law, as a matter of expediency, executions in Sanama were carried out by firing squad. Under the Second Republic, capital punishment is once again banned.
Senya Senya No No Yes No No No No No Firing squad of five police firearms specialists.
Shireroth Shireroth Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes There is no regulation as to the method, it is based on the court or legal authority in charge of sentencing. For example, Kaiseress Noor sentenced her son Adam to death by burning (for murdering two of his brothers) (though this particular sentence was not executed). Kaiseress Isa IV Cassandrae sentenced Aasmund Vigeland to death by shot to the head (for recalcitrant communism).
Unified Governorates Unified Governorates No No Yes No No No No Yes In the majority of cases, while the death penalty remains on the statutes for a wide variety of offences - courtesy of the inheritance of Imperial Law, convictions that would otherwise have merited the ultimate sentence are instead commuted to a prolonged tour of duty with the Biological Remediation Service, although this may be said to constitute little more than an outsourcing of the execution to Benacia's own gene-spliced apex predator. Executions, when they do occur, are mostly for political offences such as treason, espionage, sedition, or the propagation of forbidden doctrines, to name the foremost examples, or in cases of mutiny or desertion amongst the Black Legions. Whilst serving personnel of the legions and their auxiliary forces may request a dignified death in the form of a firing squad drawn from amongst their peers, for the average condemned criminal whose death has been sanctioned by the Command Executive the method proscribed is altogether more demeaning. The condemned is obliged to fast for three days prior to the appointed date, upon which he is taken from his cell and strapped to a gurney, after which he is removed to an operating theatre in the prison medical facility and placed under heavy sedation. It is at this point that death is typically caused by exsanguination, so as to facilitate organ and tissue harvesting for the medical services, although this methodology may vary if the condemned has been reserved for an anatomist's class.