|This article or section is a work in progress. The information below may be incomplete, outdated, or subject to change.|
|Commonwealth of Port Balaine|
|Motto: "In posterum cum felicitas" (la)|
"Into the future with good fortune"
|Capital city||The Promenade|
|Official languages||Istvanistani · Toki Wawa|
|Ethnic groups||97.7% White Balainese|
|Religious affiliation||67.9% Nazarene|
|Government||Unitary authoritarian one-party dominant directorial kritarchy|
|Council of Ministers||Jonah Scrivenor (Chief Minister)|
Clare Cockburn (Deputy Chief Minister)
Andrée de la Fontaine
|Assembly Speaker||Crawford Fairchild|
|Legislature||Assembly of Keys|
|Foundation date||c. 1100|
|Current regime date||1674|
|Admitted to the Micronational Cartography Society||14.XIV.1688|
|Total||20,622 km2 (7,962 sqmi)|
|Currency||Port Balaine sovereign (£) (PBS)|
|Time zone||CMT (PBT)|
|Mains electricity||120 V–60 Hz|
Port Balaine (/pɔɹt baleɪn/ Port Bal-ayn; Toki Wawa: telo esun Palin), officially the Commonwealth of Port Balaine, is an equatorial, island country on Micras, located in an archipelago at the southern end of Apollonia on the North Raynor Sea. It is an authoritarian one-party-dominant kritarchy.
The name of the commonwealth comes from the Old Alexandrian word "Balaine" for "whale." Port Balaine in its early history was a significant commercial center for whaling and served as a whaling port into early modern times.
Port Balaine consists of small archipelago of three islands in the North Raynor Sea, at the southern end of the Apollonia continent. The smallest island, Herm, is home to the capital city, The Promenade. The middle island, but only somewhat larger than Herm, is the Island of St. Peter. The largest island, dwarfing both Herm and St. Peter combined by six times, is Wells.
Port Balaine is a one-party dominant system, with the Justice & Harmony Party being the super-majority party in the Assembly of Keys and holding all executive offices since 1674. Membership in Justice & Harmony is de facto required for significant government and political posts. Justice & Harmony is notable for its centrist political stance. The few left- and right-wing detractors in the commonwealth belong to the People's Action Party and New Balainese Party respectively, the only other parties represented in the Assembly of Keys.
The commonwealth is divided into three bailiwicks, corresponding to the three islands of Port Balaine. The City & Bailiwick of The Promenade administers Herm, the City & Bailiwick of St. Peter administers St. Peter, and the Bailiwick of Wells administers Wells. Each bailiwick is headed by a bailiff, appointed by the Council of Ministers. The City of Wellingdon is headed by the only independent city mayor in Port Balaine, comprising only a portion of Wells overall.
The largest bailiwick by both size and population is Wells, with over 2.4 million inhabitants. The smallest population is St. Peter, at 531,000 inhabitants. The Promenade sits inbetween with 956,000 inhabitants.
Port Balaine further administers an Antarctic research, scientific and military base near the Micras South Pole, Hameln Station. The station is manned year-round, with a nominal staff of scientists and naval personnel, resupplied by rotating naval icebreakers.
The executive of Port Balaine is directorial, yet retains significant enshrined power. The Council of Ministers is responsible for appointing all political offices throughout the commonwealth, appointing all judges, and managing the various ministries of the central government. The seven ministers are elected to staggered seven-year terms by the Assembly of Keys, but are not subject to votes of confidence. The Chief Minister, the effective head of state and government, is elected by the council from amongst its ranks.
Each minister also manages one of the ministries of government, which consist of: State, Military Affairs, the Treasury, the Interior, Foreign Affairs, Development, and Public Services.
The Assembly of Keys is the commonwealth legislature. The Assembly has the power to pass laws and spending bills for the government. All matters before the Assembly must be placed on the agenda by the Council of Ministers. No other business may be considered.
Three political parties are represented in the 123-seat legislature: Justice & Harmony (111 seats), People's Action (7) and New Balainese (5). Members of the Assembly of Keys (MAK) are elected through party-list proportional elections. Elections are held in each of the four ridings: The Promenade (30 seats), St. Peter (17), Wellingdon (32) and Wells (44).
Port Balaine is administered by a unitary judiciary, hearing cases in both law and equity. The commonwealth follows a system of common law.
Four district courts of general jurisdiction manage most criminal and civil cases in the commonwealth: the District of The Promenade (D. Prom.), the District of St. Peter (D. St. P.), the District of Wellingdon (D. Wlldn.), and the District of Wells (D. Wells). Beneath the District of Wells, magistrate courts sit in many towns, as Wells consists of the much more populous and spread-out inhabitants of Wells, outside of Wellingdon.
The District of Specialties (D. Spec.) manages cases involving maritime law, intellectual property, claims against the government, and other specialty cases.
Two appellate courts manage appeals as of right in Port Balaine. The 1st Circuit Court of Errors & Appeals (1st Cir.) hears cases from The Promenade, St. Peter, and Specialties. The 2nd Circuit (2nd Cir.) hears cases from Wellingdon and Wells. Further appeals may be taken to the Council of Ministers, if granted by petition from the appeals courts.
The judges of the magistrate and district courts and the justices of the appeals courts must all be licensed lawyers, since the abolition of lay judges in 1674.
The Port Balaine Gendarmery is the unified military force of Port Balaine. Within the Gendarmery are marine, airborne and territorial components. Reporting to the Gendarmery is the Port Balaine Constabulary, which serves as the militarized national police and internal security force. Due to extensive investment in the commonwealth's budget, the equipment of the Port Balaine military is routinely modernized.
Istvanistani and Toki Wawa are the official languages of the commonwealth. Istvanistani is almost universally spoken and serves as the language of every-day speech, and is the sole language of government administration. By law, "cultural" establishments must furnish their products, such as menus in restaurants, at minimum in Toki Wawa. Toki Wawa is also taught as a literary language in Balainese schools.
No other languages are officially recognized, though a few other minority languages are spoken in Port Balaine.