The Norton calendar (also known as the Elwynnese calendar, the Elw calendar, the Elwynnese–Natopian calendar and the New Common Calendar) is the official calendar of Shireroth. Based on the Treesian calendar, the length of the year differentiates on a twelve-year cycle. The rotation of the planet fluctuates, through regularly. The only fixed celestial event on the calendar, that is to say, the same date for the same event every year, is summer solstice (for the northern hemisphere, winter solstice for the southern). The first day of Elroqpin is that day.
The Norton calendar is official in Shireroth, Natopia, Constancia, Sanama, Meckelnburgh, Port Balaine, and the Wechua Nation. It was recognized by the Jingdaoese Chidao Emperor in 1663 as a useful calendar for historic writing, however, the Jingdaoese Empire continues to use the Daor for official purposes. In Alrig it is used as the New Common Calendar since the publication of Dictate D-1019-1 in 1677. The calendar is also held in equal regards to the Gregorian one in Nordia. The calendar is co-official in Senya along with the Gregorian calendar, which is retained only for its use in sports. The calendar is used for official purposes throughout the Raspur Pact.
Years are counted after the death of Norton (Ab Nortone, AN; μετά θάνατον Νόρτου, μΝ). His year of death is accordingly AN 0. The first year after the death is AN 1. Years before his death are counted before the death of Norton (bN; προ θάνατου Νόρτου, πΝ).
The Norton calendar derives its name from Emperor Norton the Undying, whose disappearance (probable death) in the cataclysm that destroyed the old empire of Khaz Modan presaged the birth of Raynor I and the foundation of Shireroth.
All months are 24 days long, except Qinamu (XIV) which varies. In a long year (372 days), Qinamu is 36 days long. In a normal year (360 days), Qinamu is 24 days long. In a Biternion year (348 days), it is 12 days long. In a Qarbinion year, the month is skipped. In such years, Rugaall (XIV) is followed by Silnuai (I).
|Ordinal||Elw name||Natopian name||Babkhi name||Florian name||Constancian name||Calbic name||Hurmu/Farewellish name||Norse name||Jingdaoese name||Senyan name||Aspiranto name||Byalic name||Sanaman name||Lakkvian name|
|X||Elroqpin||Bulltober||Rokhpin||arugva||Psydros||Hydreff||Nya Sool||Nysol||Goburin||Elropin||Zinkemo||Усиянѥ||Puwha Pikili||uussuvi|
The Elw months are derived from the Treesian months of Silnua, Cuspor, Gevradoon, Gevraderr, Filladin, Fasmas, Nomedsiocc, Laemil, Rocpinn, Uiscasla, Oscaltec, Mulantog, and Chinnam, though in the Treesian calendar, Chinnam was only five days long, and Roqpin was only one month instead of the Norton calendar's two.
The Hurmu, Farewellish and Norse months are derived from the old Ancient Norse month names of Gormánuður ("slaughter month" or "Gór's month"), Ýlir ("Yule month"), Mörsugur ("fat sucking month"), Þorri "frozen snow month", Góa "goddess Góa's month", Einmánuður ("lone" or "single month"), Harpa (Harpa is a female name, probably a forgotten goddess), Skerpla (another forgotten goddess), Heyannir ("the hays"), Haustmánuður ("autumn month"), and Regnmánuður. The association of Qinamu to commemorations of death allowed the creation of Heljarmaane ("goddess Hel's moon), and Roqpin's asasociation with the long summer days calqued the Roqpin prefixes for "old" and "new", but added the simple Sool/Sol ("sun").
The Calbic names for the months are derived from the old Calbain calendar, which had only 12 months. Nine months are named after the gods of the Calbain pantheon, two are named after their position in the season (Genifyr, the "birth" month, and Hydreff, the "fall" month), and the month of Gwelldyn was named after a historical event, namely the sack of Kerkboran by Prince Llywelyn II (known as the "day of Gwell", or the day where things got better). After the 15-month calendar was adopted, three additional months were introduced. Yulmis and Filadynn were lifted from the Norse and Elw calendar respectively, whereas the 15th month was dubbed Rwymor, because it "binds" the calendar together.
The Aspiranto language month names are derived from the names of the ancient physical and classical elements of Kupremo ("copper"), Plumbemo ("lead"), Oremo ("gold"), Arĝentemo ("silver"), Feremo ("iron"), Karbonemo ("carbon"), Stanemo ("tin"), Sulfuremo ("sulfur"), Hidrargemo ("mercury"), Zinkemo ("zinc"), Salemo ("salt"), Akvemo ("water"), Aeremo ("air"), Fajremo ("fire"), and Eteremo ("ether" or "void").
The Sanaman language month names are derived from various constellations bearing animal names, prefixed with the word Puwha meaning month. All names end in -li which is the Sanaman genitive ending. The month names are Pupaw ("pig"), Aso ("dog"), Paka ("cow"), Kawlapa ("Carabao"), Qaqatirri (a species of bird endemic to Sanama), Putiki ("lizard"), Meheng ("goat"), Amerha ("eagle"), Mongko ("mongoose"), Piki ("chicken"), Yusha ("deer"), Posa ("cat"), Telhera (a species of fish endemic to Sanama), Ihaw ("donkey"), and Yuha ("monkey").
The Lakkvian names were formalized in 1701 and based off nomadic calendars and translations from the Hurmu. The months are thus [I] tõbraskuu (month of beasts [to be slaughtered]), [II] jõulukuu ("Yule month"), [III] helmikuu ("pearl month"), [IV] maakuu ("soil month"), [V] tammkuu ("oak month"), [VI] kaskkuu ("month of woodland to be burnt", i.e. the month of burning woodland in traditional slash-and-burn agriculture) [VII] istumakuu ("sitting month", i.e. to let the soil sit while planting it), [VIII] kesakuu ("fallow month"), [IX] vanasuvi ("old summer"), [X] uussuvi ("new summer"), [XI] heinkuu ("hay month"), [XII] elukuu ("harvest month"), [XIII] sügiskuu ("autumn month"), [XIV] mudakuu ("mud month"), [XV] marraskuu ("month of death").
The Jingdaoese month names are derived from the names of the Heavenly Lights. In Jingdao this has led to speculations and strengthened Chidaoist ideologies because the Chidao Emperor is the last emperor on the calendar. Proponents of one theory believe that he will be on the throne for all eternity, others belief that Micras will be destroyed after he dies. Others believe that when a new emperor rises to the throne, a sixteenth month should be added. While theoretically it could happen that a new emperor rises to the throne and has no month named after him or her, that would suggest at least that he or she is not as great as a Heavenly Light as his or her predecessors. It might be for this reason that the Imperial Palace has suggested that the heir to the imperial throne, the Xinshi Emperor is a reincarnation of the Ci Emperor. In that case, she would not need to have a new month named after her, as this has already been done.
Dates are usually written day–month–year. Often, the month is for linguistically neutral reasons written by its ordinal (using Latin or Arabic numbers), e.g. 10.XIV.1650 for 10 Rugaall 1650. It is also permissible to do it in the reverse order, i.e. 1650-15-10.
The years of the cycle correspond to a number and a Shirerithian zodiac name (the years are named after the months of the Raynorian calendar, which is no longer in use). Biternion is a special case. Once every four cycles, Biternion (named after the Cedrist god of improbability) is 12 days longer, having only 348 days. In those cases it is called Qarbinion (named after the Cedrist god of numbers).
|Year||Days||Shirerithian zodiac name||Natopian zodiac name|
|4||360||Semisa||Room with a Moose|
The only fixed celestial event on the calendar, that is to say, the same date for the same event every year, is Summer solstice (for the northern hemisphere, winter solstice for the southern). The first day of Elroqpin is that day.
For below, it is assumed to be for the northern hemisphere:
The autumn equinox varies between the following dates
- 12.XIII (336-day year)
- 15.XIII (348-day year)
- 18.XIII (360-day year)
- 21.XIII (372-day year)
Winter solstice varies:
- 24.II (336-day year)
- 18.II (348-day year)
- 12.II (360-day year)
- 6.II (372-day year)
- 12.VI (336-day year)
- 9.VI (348-day year)
- 6.VI (360-day year)
- 3.VI (372-day year)
The year begins, by tradition on the first of month I, and ends in the 336-day year on the 24th of XIV, while all other years the year ends on the last day of the leap month XV (which is the 12th in a 348-day year, the 24th in a 360-day year or the 36th in a 372-day year).
The most common length of a year is 372 days and that year always has a full XV month, 36 days and thereby is the longest month of the year, half as long as all others).
The relationship between the Elw calendar and the ASC calendar is more straightforward than it seems.
1 ASC period equals two Elw weeks or 12 days.
The years of the Norton cycle correspond to the following Gregorian months (note that a leap-day February corresponds to a Qarbinion year (348 days)
|Year||Days||Shirerithian zodiac name||Gregorian month|