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Los Liberados

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Republic of Los Liberados

República de Los Liberados
Flag of Los Liberados
Flag
Coat of Arms of Los Liberados
Coat of Arms
Motto: "Oro y Gloria"
Gold and Glory
Anthem: "Libre"
"Free"
Location of Los Liberados
Map versions 16.3.5 - current
Capital Puerto Arcadio
Largest city Cristina, Racám, La Hampa
Official language(s) Martino
Official religion(s) Catologism
(High Church and Reformed)
Demonym Liberadosan
 - Adjective Liberadosan
Government Pseudo-democratic competitive authoritarianism
  Presidente del Junta de Liberación Nacional Jacobo Castrigo Álvarez
Legislature Asamblea Nacional de la República
 
Establishment 1668 AN, as autonomous territory
1669 AN, as independent state
Area 15,748 km2
Population 2,720,000
Currency Liberadosan Cruz (₵)
Abbreviation LIB
National animal Ara Macao
National drink Rum
"Libre, como el sol cuando amanece,
yo soy libre, como el mar.
Libre, como el ave que escapó de su prisión
y puede, al fin, volar."

Los Liberados, officially the Republic of Los Liberados (Martino: República de Los Liberados, literally: Republic of those who are Liberated), is an island nation in the North Raynor Sea. Having been a dependency under the territorial jurisdiction of the Kasterburg Republic and the daily administration of the Iron Company, Los Liberados became an independent nation in 1669 AN. It is a member of the Batavian Confederation.

Etymology

The name Los Liberados, in the Martino language, literally translates to Those who are Liberated, and dates from the mid 1660's. It was bestowed upon the nation by Kasterburger Magistrate Reginald de Montfort in a letter to Jacobo Castrigo. Following the Iron Company expedition that saw Castrigo claim the islands, de Montfort wrote to him saying: "finally those islands and their people can leave behind the shadow of the Jing, they are liberated". Castrigo took this phrase and from that moment on continued to refer to the islands as Los Liberados. The Liberadosan people take great pride in the name of their country, which symbolises their determination for freedom and independent spirit.

Outline

Los Liberados is an island group in the North Raynor Sea. The country comprises the Southern portion of what is known as the Norfolk Isles. The Liberadosan islands are divided into three provinces (provincias). The southernmost, and most densely populated, province is known as Arcadio. The province is named after the Batavian king Arkadius II. The capital city of Puerto Arcadio is located on Arcadio island. Two smaller islands, La Hampa and Isla Timaro, are located in the south.
Because of its comfortable climate, Los Liberados is a popular tourist destination.
The second province is Augusto, comprising of the Isla de Montaña and the isle of Este. Third province is Calico, which is formed out of the five smaller, western isles of Calico, Masona, Isla Dorada, Isla de Dolor and Vallejo. Seperate from the three provinces is the autonomous city of Corcovado, which is located on the Keltian continent. The inner sea is known to Liberadosans as the Mar de Libertad. To the north of the islands is the Estrecho del Medio, which seperates Los Liberados from its northern neighbour, Thracistan.

Los Liberados is close to the equator and have a tropical climate. The islands are home to diverse flora and fauna. Tropical birds, including the Liberadosan national bird the Ara, deer, aligators and dolphins are just some of the species of wild animals that can be found on the islands. Because of its excellent climate, tourism is a main source of revenue for Los Liberados.

The main export products of Los Liberados are bananas, hardwood, spices and alcoholic beaverages, especially Liberadosan rum, which is internationally renowned. Most products are exported using the trading networks of the Iron Company.

History

The history of Los Liberados is divided by historians into two parts: pre-, and post-liberación. The first period refers to the time before 1668, and the second to the time after that year, in which the liberación of the islands took place.

Pre-liberación

The three islands belonging to Los Liberados were in ancient times occupied by various incarnations of Tymaria. The ruines of the old capital city are still present under water, and are a popular spot for divers and archaeologists.

For the largest part of its history, the island have been part of Shireroth, who occupied the islands after the demise of Norfolk, a shortlived naval republic. Norfolk continued to be a hub of piracy and trade for centuries. The Los Liberados isles were part of the Tymaria command, and remnants of those days have been incorporated in the diverse culture of Los Liberados. The four stars on the Liberadosan flag have their origins in Norfolkian symbolism.

After occupation by the Jingdaoese Empire, a state known for its closed borders, oppressive state culture and lack of personal enterprise, the islands lost their advantageous trading position and were eventually deserted and ruined. During the early days of Jingdaoese rule, the islands saw a significant immigration of Batavians. Batavian culture remains one of the foundations of the national identity.

In 1669, the government of Kasterburg formally granted independence to Los Liberados.

Post-liberación

In 1668, the Iron Company established a trading port on Los Liberados, and the islands were formally claimed by the Kasterburg Republic as a colony. This moment is known on the islands as the liberación. Although the nation had significant autonomy following the liberación, it remained under the jurisdiction of Kasterburg. Even though it had the ability to raise its own defense forces (the Milicia de Hierro), and enter into diplomatic relations with other countries, this in exchange for a levy of 2% on all goods exported from Los Liberados. In 1669, Los Liberados was granted independence upon its ratification of the Treaty of the Batavian Confederation, follwoing lobbying by the Liberadosan government. Jacobo Castrigo Álvarez, who had served as Governor of the islands from 1668 became the first Head of State of the independent nation.

1669 further saw the establishment of several governmental institutions, the formalisation of a national bureaucracy and the implementation of some semi-democratic reforms in the form of an elected parliament.

People and Culture

A loving couple or just a stranger asking for directions? In Los Liberados it can be hard to tell.
Liberadosans are a diverse people. The nation has a population of almost 3 million, and a history of colonisation and dependency. As such, it is home to a diverse ethnic population. The nation is a true "melting pot", with no majority ethnic group. Although most citizens are able to trace back their predominant ancestry to one group, almost all Liberadosans have some degree of mixed heritage. Los Liberados has recently seen a dramatic increase of San Pedrovian refugees. Due to cultural similarities, they have been integrated into Liberadosan society without any problems.

National spirit

The diverse nature of the Liberadosan heritage is reflected in their culture. In general, Liberadosans are outgoing and friendly. Local communities and neighbourhoods play an important role in the life of Liberadosans, and a sense of community is shared by most. The family is especially important for Liberadosans, many families live together, and it is not an exeption to see three generations living in the same household.

Liberadosans tend to prefer leissure over work, and enjoy activities like making music, dancing and hanging out with friends. It is not strange to see people sitting in the streets, conversing of playing a game of Cancilleres, a type of Chess that is especially popular in Los Liberados.

Because of the friendly and welcoming character of Los Liberados, tourists will feel at home quickly, although they may feel a little uncomfortable at times, as Liberadosans are quick to show their affection in a physical way. Kissing a stranger on the cheek is considered normal, and buying something in a store is often accompanied by pats on the back and close embraces (in adition to the usual haggling over the price).

Sports

Sports are also very popular in Los Liberados. Number one sport is football, which brings people together every weekend. Especially when the national team is playing, one can witness Liberadosans crowd the streets and celebrate every goal as if they had won the world cup. The top football division of the country is the Liga de Hierro, which inaugral season was the cause of intense joy, despair, family rifts and increased police expenditures. Tourists are warned to avoid the area around stadiums at least for a couple of hours following a match, Liberadosan football supporters are known for their fiery way of celebrating or mourning, both of which may look surprisingly similar to the uninformed spectator. Aside from football, other popular sports are swimming, horseback riding and baseball.

Ancestry

A Liberadosan family of Martino heritage in their Sunday best
Refugees from San Pedro arriving in the port of Cristina. San Pedrovians make up about 12% of the Liberadosan population.
Ancestry of the population of Los Liberados
(self reported)
Ancestry Population Size Percentage
Martino
(including Alexandrian)
934,500 34.4%
Batavian
(including Kasterburger)
608,200 22.4%
Timaro
(Indigenous Tymarian)
430,700 15.8%
San Pedrovian 340,500 12.6%
Flemish 113,800 4.2%
Jingdaoese 65,700 2.4%
Aryashi 41,200 1.5%
Other
(non-specified)
185,400 6.8%
Total 2,720,000 100%

Language

The official language of Los Liberados is Martino, a language that originated from San Martin and since then spread across Micras. Martino is a compulsory subject in Liberadosan schools, where it is taught from age four. Minority languages with an official status are Batavian, Timaro and Micras Common, which is mainly used as a lingua franca in diplomatic relations and international correspondence.

Government

Jacobo Castrigo Álvarez, President of Los Liberados
Political scientists have described Los Liberados as an "Autocracy with a smile". The nation is governed by the National Liberation Council (Junta de Liberación Nacional), which is chaired by President Jacobo Castrigo Álvarez who is the former Governor of the islands. Having previously been governed by the Iron Company, the state maintains a corportatist structure. The economic entanglement of the governing Junta, and the rampant corruption within the branches of government have drawn some international critisism. Los Liberados, however, is far from a dictatorship. The complex system of pseudo-democracy can best be described as "Benevolent Competitive Authoritarianism."

The current Head of State of Los Liberados is Jacobo Castrigo Álvarez, who remains a member of the Iron Company's board of governance. He also holds citizenship in Batavia. Governor Álvarez has instigated several democratic reforms as part of his promise to give the Liberadosan people a larger say in the way they are governed.

In 1669 an elected legislative assembly was established, the Asamblea Nacional de la República. The same year, the first elections for the parliament were held which saw the governing Partido de Liberación Nacional win an absolute majority.

The government of Los Liberados has been highly supportive of the idea of a Batavian League, a confederation of nations with a shared Batavian heritage. In 1669, it became a founding member of the Batavian Confederation.

Administrative Divisions

Los Liberados divided into three provinces (provincias). The largest province in population is Arcadio, with the capital of Puerto Arcadio, Second province is Augusto, with the capital of the same name. Third province is Calico, with its capital of Racám. Los liberados also has an Autonomous city, Corcovado, which is located on Keltia.

The internal subdivisions of Los Liberados
Flag Subdivision Capital Population Governor
ArcadioFlag.png Provincia de Arcadio Puerto Arcadio tbd Ramón Velarde
AugustoFlag.png Provincia de Augusto Augusto tbd Martín Buendía
CalicoFlag.png Provincia de Calico Racám tbd Patricio Yates
CorcovadoFlag.png Ciudad Autónoma de Corcovado Corcovado 120,800 Enrique Ruíz

International Relations

See also: Foreign relations of Los Liberados.

Being a member of the Batavian Confederation, Los Liberados has strong ties with its other members, especially with the Kingdom of Batavia and Kasterburg. The Liberadosan government promotes economic integration of the member states of the Confederation. The currency of Los Liberados, the Liberadosan Cruz, is pegged to the Batavian Kruys.

In late 1668, the government of Los Liberados announced its plans for a humanitarian intervention in the former Caputian state of San Pedro, in order to rescue the population from the expected disasters of the Haifan Civil War. The Liberadosan government, together with the Iron Company and supported by the member states of the Batavian Confederation set up a 3-step plan for humanitarian intervention. The first would be to establish a quick route of transport both over seas and by air, the second would be to stabilise the San Pedrovian borders, and the third step would be the evacuation of the roughly 300,000 people still residing in San Pedro by the end of 1668. By mid-1669, the mission had entered stage 3, and over 150,000 people have so far been evacuated from San Pedro to Los Liberados. The immigration of a skilled population greatly aided the Iron Company in their exploitation of the Gold Mines on Arcadio island.

Military

For the main article: Milicia de Hierro.

The armed forces of Los Liberados are known as the Milicia de Hierro. The Milicia originated during the time of Iron Company colonial rule. The Milicia maintains a similar structure to the Iron Militia, from which it is derived. The Milicia de Hierro is divided into three branches: the Defence forces, the Trade protection forces and the military and civil intelligence agency.

Economy

The Liberadosan economy is characterised by its extreme liberalisation. Few business regulations exist, and the nation is generally understood to be very much business friendly. The Liberadosan market is dominated by the Iron Company, that controls the majority of the trade from and to the islands. Due to the low levels of taxation and lack of financial regulation, Los Liberados is home to many foreign companies. Being a member of the Batavian single-market, and subesquently having direct access to the Sxiro-Batavian free trade zone, Los Liberados is an entrance port for one of the largest markets on Micras. In 1669, the Kalgachian Octavian Import-Export Corporation relocated its headquarters to Puerto Arcadio.

The currency of Los Liberados is the Liberadosan cruz. Having its value pegged to the Batavian Kruys, the first cruz coins were minted in late 1668.

Calendar

Los Liberados uses a version of the Norton calendar. Under Jingdaoese occupation, the isles adhered to the Daor calendar, but following the liberación, the current calendar was introduced. The change in time occured gradually between 1668 and 1669 to avoid the effect of Temporal Haemorrhaging. Nonetheless an number of, mainly elderly, Liberadosans experienced health problems.

A Liberadosan year consists of 15 months of 24 days, except for the month of Circulomes, (XIV), which varies in length.

The sub-year Minarborian calendar - pegged to the Gregorian and utilised in narrative terms as a seasonal window into the appropriate Anno Libertatis year, has been adopted in Kalgachia wholesale. It has a five day week consisting of:

A year on the Liberadosan calendar has the following months:

Alboradames
Segundomes
Primaverames
Hierbames
Floraciómes
Veranomes
Henomes
Mediomes
Cosechames
Otoñomes
Matarmes
Catomes
Liberames
Inviernomes
Circulomes