Constitution of Vegno
|CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF VEGNO|
|Original Title:||Costituzione della Repubblica del Vegno|
|Jurisdiction:||Republic of Vegno|
|Ratified:||12/ 1705 AN|
|Date effective:||12/ 1705 AN|
|Branches of Government:||Three (Executive, Legislative, and Judicial)|
|Chambers:||One (The National Assembly)|
|Executive:||President of the Republic shared with
the Prime Minister
|Judiciary:||President of the Republic;
Courts of Justice
|Legislative:||The National Assembly|
The Constitution of the Republic of Vegno is the fundamental law of the State, which occupies the top of the hierarchy of sources in the legal system of the Republic: it is composed of 12 articles written and published in 12/1705 AN by the Seven Founding Fathers of Constituent Assembly of the Vegno.
The seven members of the constituent assembly were: Salvatore "Shalva" Mancuso, Michelangelo Levati, "P." Antonio Visciglia, Luca "Lo Zar" Zarrella, Marco "M.M" Munno, Haldi Rinaldi "Pane" e Peppe "Freeda" Cantore.
The first twelve articles of the Constitution are the "Fundamental Principles", absent in the previous founding statutes, which expose the spirit of the Constitution. They include some of the supreme principles of the Constitution which are found implicit throughout the text
The people of Vegno solemnly proclaims their fidelity to human rights and the principles of national sovereignty as defined by the Constitution of 1705 AN.
Form of Government
The Vegno is a semi-Presidential democratic Republic whose main offices are: The President of the Republic, the Assemblea Nazionale and the Prime Minister.
The President of the Republic of Vegno:
- The President of the Republic guarantees compliance with the Constitution. Through its arbitration, it ensures the regular functioning of public authorities and the continuity of the state. It is the guarantor of national independence, the integrity of the territory and compliance with the treaties.
- The President is elected directly by >22 years old citizens by universal suffrage and must be a vegnese citizen >50 years old.
- The President of the Republic appoints the Prime Minister. He terminates his duties upon presentation by the latter of the resignation of the Government. At the proposal of the Prime Minister, it appoints the other members of the government and puts an end to their functions. The President of the Republic chairs the Council of Ministers.
- The President promulgates the laws, can submit referendums, can dissolve the National Assembly, sign the ordinances and decrees approved by the Council of Ministers and assign civil and military offices to the State.
- The President accredits the ambassadors.
- The President is the head of the Armed Forces.
- The President, if the Nation is seriously threatened, can assume exceptional powers.
- The President has a series of his own prerogatives which do not require countersignature and other shared prerogatives which require the countersignature of the Prime Minister (or the minister responsible).
- The President of the Republic negotiates and ratifies (international) treaties.
- The President of the Republic is the guarantor of the independence of the judicial authority.
- The President of the Republic can be dismissed only in case of failure to fulfill his duties incompatible with the exercise of his mandate. The dismissal is pronounced by the Parliament meeting in the High Court.
The Government and the Prime Minister
- The Government determines and directs national policy. It has the administration and the armed forces. He is accountable to Parliament under the conditions and in accordance with the procedures.
- The Prime Minister directs the action of the Government. He is responsible for national defense. Ensures enforcement of laws. Without prejudice to the provisions of article 13, it exercises regulatory power and assigns civil and military offices.
- Parliament votes on the laws, checks and challenges the work of the Government, evaluates public policies.
- Parliament can cause a Government to fall if an absolute majority of the legislators votes for a motion of no confidence.
- Vegnese Parliament is also known as Assemblea Nazionale (National Assembly).
President of the Republic
- Each political party can propose one candidate for the Presidency of the Republic, who must be a vegnian citizen and be over 50 years old.
- Every vegnian citizen over the age of 22 can vote for a single candidate for the Presidency.
- The elections are made up of a first and a second round, which is accessed by the two candidates with the most votes in the first one.
- At the end of the second round, the candidate with the most votes is appointed President of the Republic.
- The mandate has a duration of 3 years, at the end of which a new election takes place.
- The "Assemblea Nazionale" (National Assembly) is the Vegnian Parliament, composed by 100 deputies, elected through a proportional system: each party obtains a number of seats in Parliament in proportion to the number of votes obtained by the citizens in the previous election.
- Each party freely appoints its own deputies, who will be the expression of the popular will and will represent them within the Assembly.
- The mandate of a deputy within the National Assembly has a maximum duration of 3 years, at the end of which new elections will be held.
- Any closer elections may be held following the dissolution of the assembly by the President of the Republic.
Prime Minister and the other members of Government
- The Prime Minister is appointed by the President of the Republic and chairs the council of ministers.
- The ministers and other members of the government are appointed by the President of the Republic on the proposal of the prime minister in charge.