Politics of Gerenia

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The politics of Gerenia take place in a framework of a federal parliamentary representative democratic republic, with a President as the head of government. Executive power is exercised by the governments, both local and federal. Federal legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of Parliament, the National Assembly and the Higher Assembly. Since the foundation of Gerenia the political landscape has been largely dominated by the centre-left Independent Party of Gerenia.

The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. There are courts at local (district) or federal (region) levels, but not at a provincial level.

Constitution

Gerenia's constitution characterizes the republic as a federation consisting on two autonomous regions. Both the federation and the regions have written constitutions defining them to be republican entities governed in accordance with the principles of representative democracy. However, the figure of Regional Governor has become a rather ceremonial position.

Executive branch

Gerenia's head of state is the President (Brežagtör), elected by popular vote for a term of two years and with unlimited consecutive terms of office.

Government

The republic's cabinet consists of a number of ministers appointed by the President. The cabinet is answerable to the Parliament and can be forced to resign by a motion of no confidence.

Legislative branch

Main article: Parliament of Gerenia

The Parliament of Gerenia (Aiŷlat) consists of two chambers. The National Assembly (Snirenetoles) has 100 members, elected for a two-year term by proportional representation.

The Higher Assembly (Snireribes) has 24 members, 3 per province, elected for a yearly term. The Higher Assembly has less powers than the National Assembly, but still their approval is needed in order to sanction laws.

Political parties

The main political party is the Independent Party of Gerenia, founded in 2012 by Gerald Ruze, President of the Republic. The Independent Party has won every general and parliamentary election since 2012, and it currently holds 63 of the 100 seats of the National Assembly, and 15 of the 24 seats of the Higher Assembly. 7 of the 8 provincial governors are members of this party, as well.

Other parties in Gerenia are: the Socialist Party of Gerenia, the Popular Party, the Hope Party (the three being usually referred to as the "traditional" parties, because they are the oldest ones), the Reformist Party, and the Nationalist Party, among others.